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Low-carb alcohol – the best and the worst drinks

Which alcoholic drinks are low carb? Can you still drink alcohol and lose weight on a low-carb diet? What are the best drinks to choose? What are some common mistakes? This guide will tell you what you need to know.

First, in part because of the way it’s processed by your body, too much alcohol may slow down your weight loss and undermine your health gains on a low-carb diet.1

Alcohol is an energy source – with almost no nutrition – that is used by your body before it burns other sources of energy, such as body fat. In short, alcoholic drinks contain “empty calories.”2

Most alcoholic drinks, no matter how low in carbs, contain at least 100 calories; some mixed cocktails contain more than 500 calories in one serving.3

In addition, alcohol can further impede weight loss by stimulating appetite and decreasing inhibitions, thereby increasing food intake.4

However, if you can drink alcohol in moderation, it might not be a major issue as long as it’s low in carbs and calories.5 Low-carb options include wine, champagne, and pure spirits like whiskey and vodka. High-carb and high-calorie drinks? Beer and sugary cocktails.

Below you’ll find all the details; the options with fewer carbs and calories are to the left. In general, the lower the carbs in alcohol, the lower the calories, too.

Disclaimer: Consumption of alcoholic beverages impairs your ability to drive a car or operate machinery and may cause health problems if consumed in excess. Note that on a low-carb diet you might need significantly less alcohol to get intoxicated. Women should not drink alcoholic beverages during pregnancy.
 


How many carbs?

Low-Carb Wine and Beer

Each of the numbers is the grams of carbs in a typical glass. The lowest-carb and calorie option is a flute of champagne with 2 grams of carbs and 95 calories. Dry white and red wine have around 2 grams of carbs per serving and 120 calories, though note that sweeter wines can have up to 4 grams or more (see below) and 160 calories. A typical beer has 13 grams of carbs and 150 to 300 calories!

Carbs list

Champagne: 2 grams of net carbs per 5 ounces (150 ml)
Red wine: 2 grams of net carbs per 5 ounces (150 ml)
White wine: 2 grams of net carbs per 5 ounces (150 ml)
Beer: 13 grams of net carbs per 12 ounces (355 ml)

Wine

If you are eating a moderate low carb diet, about 20 to 50 grams of carbs per day, dry wines probably can be enjoyed on a regular basis with little weight-loss impact from the carbs. If you are on a very strict low-carb or keto diet, consuming under 20 grams of carbs a day, a glass of wine on occasion is also fine.

If, however, you find you are not losing weight, try cutting back on alcohol. The extra, nutrition-free energy from alcohol may be contributing to your weight stall. Reducing or eliminating alcohol may be all that is needed to get the scale moving again.

A glass of dry wine contains about 0.5 grams of sugar as well as small amounts of glycerol and other carbohydrate remnants of the wine-making process, which usually amount to less than 2 grams of total carbs.6 It is unlikely that a glass of dry wine will impact blood sugar or insulin levels significantly.7

Sweeter wines, like Rieslings and Gewurztraminers, have about 4 grams of carbs in a typical glass. Even sweeter dessert wines – like Muscato, Tokaj, Ice Wines, or fortified wines like Port, Sherry and Madeira – are all sweeter and contain more fructose, with carb counts per glass of around 5 grams or more.8

Beer

Alas, most beer is a no-go when you’re eating low carb. Its hops and fermented grains are like drinking liquid bread; and, it’s not just big beer-bellies that suggest beer contributes to abdominal obesity.9 This form of alcohol just isn’t a good choice when trying to lose weight or improve diabetes control.

However, carb and calorie counts can vary depending on the brand of beer, and there are a few lower carb options. Find out in our low-carb beer guide below. Again, in general, the lower the carbs, the lower the calories, too.

Beer: how many carbs?

Low-Carb Beers

The numbers under the brands of beer represent the grams of carbs in a 12 oz. (355ml) bottle.

Carbs list

Select 55: 1.9 grams of net carbs
Michelob ultra: 2.6 grams of net carbs
Select premium light: 3.1 grams of net carbs
Busch light: 3.2 grams of net carbs
Natural light: 3.2 grams of net carbs
Miller lite: 3.2 grams of net carbs
Bud ice: 4 grams of net carbs
Coors light: 5 grams of net carbs
Bud light: 7 grams of net carbs
Becks: 9 grams of net carbs
Victoria bitter: 11 grams of net carbs
Heineken: 11 grams of net carbs
Budweiser: 11 grams of net carbs
Foster’s beer: 11 grams of net carbs
Newcastle brown ale: 13 grams of net carbs
Stella Artois: 13 grams of net carbs
Corona extra: 14 grams of net carbs
Guinness extra stout: 14 grams of net carbs

As you can see, some very light American beers contain the least amount of carbs and can be consumed without derailing a low-carb diet (if you enjoy that type of beer). Check out the brands to the left in the graphic above.10

Other brands of beer are fairly high in carbs and calories and should be consumed with caution or avoided completely, depending on how many carbs you target per day.

Spirits: how many carbs?

Low-Carb Spirits

If you drink hard liquor, the graphic above will tell you how many grams of carbs are in a typical drink.

Whiskey, vodka, brandy, gin, tequila and other pure alcohols have zero carbs and so are fine on a low-carb diet. A standard 1.5 oz jigger of these spirits, without any mixer, contains on average about 100 calories.

Carbs list

Carb amounts per standard drink:

Whiskey: 0 grams of net carbs
Brandy: 0 grams of net carbs
Tequila: 0 grams of net carbs
Dry martini: 0 grams of net carbs
Vodka & soda water: 0 grams of net carbs
Bloody Mary: 7 grams of net carbs
Margarita: 8 grams of net carbs
Cosmopolitan: 13 grams of net carbs
White Russian: 14 grams of net carbs
Gin & tonic: 14 grams of net carbs
Vodka & orange juice: 18 grams of net carbs
Rum & coke: 22 grams of net carbs

Don’t add juice, soft drinks, or other sweeteners like sweet cream. Adding tonic to zero-carb gin boosts its carbs to 16 grams and 190 calories per serving! Instead, have vodka, soda water, and lime for a no-carb, lower-calorie summer drink.

Alternatively, if you insist, use diet tonic (with artificial sweeteners) for a zero-carb gin & tonic, though we generally recommend to avoid sweeteners.11

Think vodka and orange juice (aka screwdriver) is a healthy choice? That gives you a whopping 28 grams of carbs and 175 calories – almost as bad as a rum & coke with 39 grams of carbs and 185 calories.

Coolers

Low-carb wine coolers

The numbers are the amount of carbs (sugar) in a bottle.

Sometimes called alcopops, spirit coolers, wine coolers or hard lemonades, these pre-mixed, packaged drinks are loaded with sugar and carbs. Most are over 180 calories each. Do not drink if you want to stay low carb and low-calorie — you are drinking sugar.

Carbs list

Carb amounts per 20-ounce (590 ml) bottle:
Smirnoff Ice: 26 grams of net carbs
Bacardi Breezer: 30 grams of net carbs

Beware: Alcohol packs more punch on low carb

When on a strict low-carb diet, many people require significantly less alcohol to become intoxicated.12 So be careful the first time you drink alcohol on low carb. You may need only half as many drinks as usual to enjoy yourself, saving you money and from a hangover.

Recognizing this issue of reduced tolerance is even more critical if you plan on driving. When eating low carb, you may have a higher blood alcohol level after fewer drinks, impairing your abilities to a much greater extent than usual.


 

Top 5 low-carb alcoholic drinks

Top 5 Alcoholic Drinks

If you’re still wondering how to include alcohol in your low-carb diet, we’re going to wrap this up with our top 5 favorite low-carb alcoholic drinks.
 

  1. Champagne or sparkling wine (extra dry or brut) – one glass contains about 2 grams of net carbs and 95 calories.
  2. Nothing says celebration like a glass of bubbly! Although Champagne can be very expensive other kinds of sparkling wines or Cava come in a variety of prices and can be enjoyed as an aperitif, with your food or as a stand-alone drink.

  3. Dry wine – red or white – one glass contains about 2 grams of net carbs and 120 calories.
  4. There must be a reason why humans have been drinking wine for thousands of years. One of them is probably that it tastes really good with food. Ben Franklin even called wine “constant proof that God loves us”. Fortunately, drinking an occasional glass of dry wine is fine on a low-carb diet.

  5. Vodka & Soda – one long drink contains 0 grams of carbs and 115 calories.
  6. A vodka & soda or gin & soda is your drink if you want to skip sugar and artificial sweeteners. This sparkling drink with vodka, soda, lime and ice tastes way better than it might sound.

  7. Whiskey – one drink contains 0 grams of carbs and 115 calories.
  8. Even though whiskey is made from various forms of grains, it’s zero carb and gluten free. It comes in many different classes and types. Too much ice can kill the flavor but serving it with a little dash of water can actually enhance the flavor.

  9. Dry Martini – one cocktail contains 0 grams of carbs and 115 calories.
  10. The iconic James Bond cocktail is made with gin and vermouth, and garnished with an olive or a lemon twist. It’s still in the top of the most requested drinks. But if you want it like 007, make sure to order it shaken, not stirred.

 
Return to the top of the low-carb alcohol guide
 

 

 

Learn more surprising facts about low-carb diets and alcohol here:

Alcohol and the keto diet: 7 things you need to know

 
Full low-carb diet FAQ

 

 

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  1. The Journal of Clinical Investigation 1988: Ethanol causes acute inhibition of carbohydrate, fat, and protein oxidation and insulin resistance [non-randomized study; weak evidence]

    The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999: De novo lipogenesis, lipid kinetics, and whole-body lipid balances in humans after acute alcohol consumption [non-randomized study; weak evidence]

    Clinics in Liver Disease 2012: Alcohol metabolism[overview article; ungraded]

  2. Critical reviews in clinical laboratory sciences 2005: Is alcohol consumption a risk factor for weight gain and obesity? [expert review, ungraded]

  3. Per Medline: Calorie Count in Alcoholic Beverages

  4. In addition to containing calories, alcohol seems to increase the amount of food people consume:

    British Journal of Nutrition 2019: The effect of alcohol consumption on food energy intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis [strong evidence]

    Appetite 2015: Moderate alcohol consumption stimulates food intake and food reward of savoury foods [crossover trial; moderate evidence]

    Appetite 2010: Short term effects of alcohol on appetite in humans. Effects of context and restrained eating [crossover trial; moderate evidence]

    Health Psychology 2016: Alcohol’s acute effect on food intake is mediated by inhibitory control impairments [randomized trial; moderate evidence]

  5. This is based on the clinical experience of low-carb clinicians. [weak evidence]

  6. “In the United States, however, carbohydrates are taken to be whatever is left once the contents of water, alcohol, fat, protein and minerals in wine are accounted for. In the US, then, tartaric acid, glycerol and other substances that might not immediately be thought of as carbohydrates would be counted as such, and the carbohydrate content declared for a wine in the US could easily be twice the level that would be declared for the same wine in Australia”:

    BIO Web of Conferences 2014: An analysis of ingredient and nutritional labeling for wine [overview article; ungraded]

    Additional references:

    Wikipedia: Winemaking process

    Wikipedia: European Union terms for wine

    Wikipedia: European Union terms for sparkling wine

    European Commission Regulation regarding wine products

    European Commission Regulation regarding sparkling wine products

  7. Drinking regular wine does not seem to provoke any noticeable increase in blood glucose or insulin levels:

    Food Chemistry 2014: The effect of different alcoholic beverages on blood alcohol levels, plasma insulin and plasma glucose in humans [non-randomized study; weak evidence]

  8. For example, here are sugar levels in grams per litre (about 8 glasses) in sparkling wine, depending on sweetness ranking:

    Brut Nature (no added sugar) 0–3
    Extra Brut 0–6
    Brut 0–12
    Extra Dry, Extra Sec, Extra seco 12–17
    Dry, Sec, Seco 17–32
    Demi-sec, Semi-seco 32–50
    Doux, Sweet, Dulce 50+

  9. Drinking beer raises both blood sugar and insulin levels much more than wine or spirits:

    Food Chemistry 2014: The effect of different alcoholic beverages on blood alcohol levels, plasma insulin and plasma glucose in humans [non-randomized study; weak evidence]

  10. Diet Doctor will not benefit from your purchases. We do not show ads, use any affiliate links, sell products or take money from industry. Instead, we’re funded by the people, via our optional membership. Learn more

  11. This is because they maintain cravings for sweet foods, may stimulate overconsumption and may potentially have other negative health effects. Learn more

  12. This is commonly reported by people on a keto diet. However, there isn’t much scientific research yet to explain why tolerance seems to be reduced – just theories.

    Low carb and alcohol #6: Lower tolerance, worse hangovers