Keto alcohol – the best and the worst drinks
What are the best and the worst alcoholic drinks on a keto diet?
First, the obvious: alcohol doesn’t help with weight loss. The more alcohol you drink, the harder it is to lose weight, since the body tends to burn alcohol before anything else.1 Drinking alcohol can also make you want to eat more.2
There’s a huge difference between different kinds of drinks when it comes to how many carbs they contain.
The short version: wine is much lower in carbs than beer, so most people on keto choose wine.
Pure spirits like whiskey and vodka contain zero carbs. But watch out for sweet mixed drinks – they often have a significant amount of sugar.
Key takeawaysAlcohol = calories: All alcohol contains calories that your body has to use before it burns body fat.
More on keto and alcohol.
Keto-friendly drinks: Wine and pure spirits are lowest in carbs; beer and sweet mixed drinks are highest.
See visual ranking.
Drink with care: When on a keto diet, you might feel stronger effects from alcohol.
Intoxication, hangovers, and more.
Wine and beer
Red wine: 2 grams of net carbs per 5 ounces (150 ml)
White wine: 2 grams of net carbs per 5 ounces (150 ml)
Beer: 13 grams of net carbs per 12 ounces (355 ml)
Even on a keto diet (below 20 grams of net carbs per day), you can probably have a glass of dry wine fairly regularly. And on a moderate low carb diet, dry wines can be enjoyed regularly with minimal weight-loss impact from the carbs.
If, however, you find you are not losing weight, try cutting back on alcohol. The extra, nutrition-free energy from alcohol may be contributing to your weight stall. Reducing or eliminating alcohol may be all that is needed to get the scale moving again.
A glass of dry wine contains about 0.5 grams of sugar as well as small amounts of glycerol and other carbohydrate remnants of the wine-making process, which usually amount to less than 2 grams of total carbs.3 It is unlikely that a glass of dry wine will impact blood sugar or insulin levels significantly.4
Sweeter wines, like Rieslings and Gewurztraminers, have about 4 grams of carbs in a typical glass. Even sweeter dessert wines – like Muscato, Tokaj, Ice Wines, or fortified wines like Port, Sherry and Madeira – are all sweeter and contain more fructose, with carb counts per glass of around 5 grams or more.5
Beer is a problem on keto. There’s a reason people talk about “beer bellies.” Beer is made from grains, which provide a lot of rapidly digestible carbs. It’s even been called “liquid bread.”6 For this reason, most beers are bad for weight control and should be avoided on keto.
Note that the amount of carbs in beer varies depending on the brand. There are a few possible low-carb options for keto. Check out our keto beer guide below for details.
The numbers above are the grams of carbs in one 12 oz. bottle of beer (355 ml).
Michelob ultra: 2.6 grams of net carbs
Select premium light: 3.1 grams of net carbs
Busch light: 3.2 grams of net carbs
Natural light: 3.2 grams of net carbs
Miller lite: 3.2 grams of net carbs
Bud ice: 4 grams of net carbs
Coors light: 5 grams of net carbs
Bud light: 7 grams of net carbs
Becks: 9 grams of net carbs
Victoria bitter: 11 grams of net carbs
Heineken: 11 grams of net carbs
Budweiser: 11 grams of net carbs
Foster’s beer: 11 grams of net carbs
Newcastle brown ale: 13 grams of net carbs
Stella Artois: 13 grams of net carbs
Corona extra: 14 grams of net carbs
Guinness extra stout: 14 grams of net carbs
As you can see, some very light American beers contain the least amount of carbs and can be consumed without derailing a keto diet (if you enjoy that type of beer). Check out the brands to the left in the graphic above.7
Other brands of beer are fairly high in carbs and calories and should likely be avoided completely on a keto diet.
When it comes to hard alcohol, it’s pretty straightforward: pure spirits like whiskey, brandy, cognac, vodka, gin, and tequila contain zero carbs and are all fine on keto.
Avoid sugar-sweetened drinks. Don’t add juice, soft drinks, or sweet flavorings to spirits. Adding tonic to zero-carb gin boosts its carb count to 16 grams per serving! Have vodka, soda water and a twist of lime instead for a refreshing carb-free drink.
The numbers represent grams of carbs per drink.
Whiskey: 0 grams of net carbs
Brandy: 0 grams of net carbs
Tequila: 0 grams of net carbs
Dry martini: 0 grams of net carbs
Vodka & soda water: 0 grams of net carbs
Bloody Mary: 7 grams of net carbs
Margarita: 8 grams of net carbs
Cosmopolitan: 13 grams of net carbs
White Russian: 14 grams of net carbs
Gin & tonic: 14 grams of net carbs
Vodka & orange juice: 18 grams of net carbs
Rum & coke: 22 grams of net carbs
The numbers represent grams of carbs (sugar) per bottle.
Sometimes called alcopops, spirit coolers, wine coolers or hard lemonades, these pre-mixed, packaged drinks are loaded with sugar and carbs. Most are over 180 calories each. Do not drink if you want to stay in ketosis — you are drinking sugar.
Smirnoff Ice: 26 grams of net carbs
Bacardi Breezer: 30 grams of net carbs
A word of caution
When on a strict low-carb diet, many people require significantly less alcohol to become intoxicated.8 So be careful the first time you drink alcohol on low carb. You may need only half as many drinks as usual to enjoy yourself, saving you money and from a hangover.
Recognizing this issue of reduced tolerance is even more critical if you plan on driving. When eating low carb, you may have a higher blood alcohol level after fewer drinks, impairing your abilities to a much greater extent than usual.
Here’s an in-depth article with more details on the above, and other surprising things about alcohol on a keto diet:
Top 5 keto alcoholic drinks
If you’re still wondering how to include alcohol in your keto diet, we’re going to wrap this up with our top 5 favorite keto alcoholic drinks.
- Champagne or sparkling wine (extra dry or brut) – one glass contains about 2 grams of net carbs and 95 calories.
- Dry wine – red or white – one glass contains about 2 grams of net carbs and 120 calories.
- Vodka & Soda – one long drink contains 0 grams of carbs and 115 calories.
- Whiskey – one drink contains 0 grams of carbs and 115 calories.
- Dry Martini – one cocktail contains 0 grams of carbs and 115 calories.
Nothing says celebration like a glass of bubbly! Although Champagne can be very expensive other kinds of sparkling wines or Cava come in a variety of prices and can be enjoyed as an aperitif, with your food or as a stand-alone drink.
There must be a reason why humans have been drinking wine for thousands of years. One of them is probably that it tastes really good with food. Ben Franklin even called wine “constant proof that God loves us”. Fortunately, drinking an occasional glass of dry wine is fine on a low-carb diet.
A vodka & soda or gin & soda is your drink if you want to skip sugar and artificial sweeteners. This sparkling drink with vodka, soda, lime and ice tastes way better than it might sound.
Even though whiskey is made from various forms of grains, it’s zero carb and gluten free. It comes in many different classes and types. Too much ice can kill the flavor but serving it with a little dash of water can actually enhance the flavor.
The iconic James Bond cocktail is made with gin and vermouth, and garnished with an olive or a lemon twist. It’s still in the top of the most requested drinks. But if you want it like 007, make sure to order it shaken, not stirred.
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Keto alcohol: the best and the worst drinks - the evidence
This guide is written by Dr. Andreas Eenfeldt, MD and was last updated on December 8, 2022. It was medically reviewed by Dr. Michael Tamber, MD on November 29, 2021.
The guide contains scientific references. You can find these in the notes throughout the text, and click the links to read the peer-reviewed scientific papers. When appropriate we include a grading of the strength of the evidence, with a link to our policy on this. Our evidence-based guides are updated at least once per year to reflect and reference the latest science on the topic.
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The Journal of Clinical Investigation 1988: Ethanol causes acute inhibition of carbohydrate, fat, and protein oxidation and insulin resistance [non-randomized study; weak evidence]
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999: De novo lipogenesis, lipid kinetics, and whole-body lipid balances in humans after acute alcohol consumption [non-randomized study; weak evidence] ↩
Studies show that in the short term, drinking alcohol tends to increase the amount of food people eat:
British Journal of Nutrition 2019: The effect of alcohol consumption on food energy intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis [strong evidence]
Appetite 2015: Moderate alcohol consumption stimulates food intake and food reward of savoury foods [moderate evidence]
Appetite 2010: Short term effects of alcohol on appetite in humans. Effects of context and restrained eating [moderate evidence]
Health Psychology 2016: Alcohol’s acute effect on food intake is mediated by inhibitory control impairments [moderate evidence]
Physiology & Behavior 2004: Dose-dependent effects of alcohol on appetite and food intake [weak evidence]
British Journal of Nutrition 2004: Effects of alcohol on food and energy intake in human subjects: evidence for passive and active over-consumption of energy [Overview article]↩
“In the United States, however, carbohydrates are taken to be whatever is left once the contents of water, alcohol, fat, protein and minerals in wine are accounted for. In the US, then, tartaric acid, glycerol and other substances that might not immediately be thought of as carbohydrates would be counted as such, and the carbohydrate content declared for a wine in the US could easily be twice the level that would be declared for the same wine in Australia”:
BIO Web of Conferences 2014: An analysis of ingredient and nutritional labeling for wine [overview article; ungraded]
Wikipedia: European Union terms for wine
Wikipedia: European Union terms for sparkling wine
European Commission Regulation regarding wine products
European Commission Regulation regarding sparkling wine products ↩
Drinking regular wine does not seem to provoke any noticeable increase in blood glucose or insulin levels:
Food Chemistry 2014: The effect of different alcoholic beverages on blood alcohol levels, plasma insulin and plasma glucose in humans [non-randomized study; weak evidence] ↩
For example, here are sugar levels in grams per litre (about 8 glasses) in sparkling wine, depending on sweetness ranking:
Brut Nature (no added sugar) 0–3
Extra Brut 0–6
Extra Dry, Extra Sec, Extra seco 12–17
Dry, Sec, Seco 17–32
Demi-sec, Semi-seco 32–50
Doux, Sweet, Dulce 50+ ↩
Drinking beer can result in a rapid increase in blood glucose and insulin levels:
Food Chemistry 2014: The effect of different alcoholic beverages on blood alcohol levels, plasma insulin and plasma glucose in humans [weak evidence] ↩
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This is commonly reported by people on a keto diet. However, there isn’t much scientific research yet to explain why tolerance seems to be reduced – just theories.
Low carb and alcohol #6: Lower tolerance, worse hangovers