About the 7th-month failure


My low-carb program within my medical clinic is set up to last for six months. It starts with a medical evaluation with each of the potential 12 participants of a cohort, followed by a four-hour class with the entire cohort, and then 7 one-hour follow-ups in groups of four.

At the end of the program, the participants can have a one-on-one session with me if they want. We take a look at how their labs (cholesterol, glycaemia, inflammation markers, etc.) vastly improved, and I show them a graph of their plummeting weight.

When I set up my program, I knew 6 months was unlikely to be long enough for every patient to achieve their health or weight goals. Reversing diabetes in someone who’s been living with this condition for decades usually takes more (sometimes A LOT more) than six months. Same for reversing obesity, in most cases.

However, my goal was to make low carb their new way of eating forever, their new lifestyle. I had figured that six months was long enough to truly understand the physiology behind insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia, get through the adaptation phase, learn to navigate this way of eating, make mistakes, have a few setbacks, and become knowledgeable and efficient at eating low carb or keto in a way that works for each individual.

I had envisioned a six-month journey that takes participants from novice sailors to seasoned captains who are able to continue sailing with steady hands on their ship’s wheel, towards their final destination.

And then my first few cohorts completed their 6-month program. All of them had achieved good, often even great results, and it was incredibly inspiring! THIS was the medicine I had signed up for when I first got into med school.

A few months down the road, though, a wonderful colleague of mine had an appointment with one of her patients, for an unrelated medical reason. This patient had finished her low-carb program with my team a while back. She had regained every pound.

About a week later, I had a follow up appointment with one of my patients who had also participated in the program and had completed it some months ago. She is diabetic, and while she was in the program, we had managed to eliminate most of her drugs and get her blood-sugar levels and HbA1c under control. Her weight was currently stable, but her HbA1c and fasting blood sugar had gone back up, and were the worst we’d seen since 2012.

That was a double hit. I was extremely disappointed. I felt responsible. I felt like it was MY failure.

I pour so much unpaid time and energy into my low-carb program that my real salary, in the end, is the success my patients have. It compensates for all the times when I practice a standard medicine and have to prescribe pills for most health issues.

Was this all useless?

Call me naïve, in particular if you are an experienced health care professional, but that wasn’t part of my vision… I couldn’t comprehend that a competent captain knowing his ship and his route would choose to sail away from his desired destination.

Reasons why people get off the rails

I’ve been reflecting on this for a long time now.

Here are my conclusions thus far:

First, any patient who gets proper counseling and coaching by a healthcare professional to try low carb for health reasons has been given an opportunity to make a much more informed decision. Which is already a lot more than being offered the usual dichotomy of standard of care: take drugs or don’t take drugs.

Every single time I diagnose a new type 2 diabetes in a patient of mine, I tell them “This is caused by lifestyle habits, and it can be reversed with a change in your diet. It doesn’t have to be chronic and progressive. Or we can choose to treat you with medication. And, of course, you have the choice to refuse any kind of treatment. What do you think?”

In my mind, this is a more informed choice than “You have diabetes. I am going to start you on Metformin.”, which was my old way.

Second, some people, for all kinds of reasons, have a hard time sailing on their own. They lack the confidence, or the willpower, or they lose faith, or they have too much going on in their personal lives to be able to put themselves or their diet first. It might be temporary, or it might be a lifelong battle for them. It might involve eating disorders or self-esteem issues. It might involve all sorts of things that I do not know about. We do have a psychologist on our team, but we cannot offer much beyond a one-hour initial evaluation for those who request it.

Third, failures are unavoidable. They will happen. Not every time, not with everyone, but they will happen. It’s a fact of life.

Fourth, apparent failures can be just setbacks. Relapses. It’s not an all-or-nothing situation. My captains know how to sail, and so they might choose at some point to steer back into a direction that makes them healthier. Smokers often make several attempts at quitting before they finally succeed for good. Should a doctor stop counseling on quitting smoking just because patients might have relapses? Obviously, no. Is counseling a waste of time if some patients never succeed? No. You cannot predict who will succeed in the end. You cannot predict the impact your counseling might have on patients, even when you think you don’t see any tangible results.

Fifth, even though I should not take this personal, it doesn’t mean that there is nothing that I can do about it. So, we sat down with our team and decided to offer extra follow-ups for those who feel they need them. We also decided to allow our “graduated” patients to stay in our closed Facebook group for an undetermined amount of time, so that they could keep on feeling part of a low-carb community, and have the opportunity to ask their questions or share their problems with our group. Support is so incredibly important.

Sixth, I needed to face and focus on the facts: so far, for every failure, there is at least a dozen of successes. Hard to say for sure what is our real rate of success. Success is hard to define to begin with. But in my mind, I tick a success box under the name of a patient when I hear them say: “I feel so much better, this is now my way of eating for good. This is my new normal diet.”

And I have had numerous follow-ups with such patients, who are sailing away towards their health goals, with steady hands on their ship’s wheel.

So, not offering low carb as a therapeutic option to patients just because they might not sustain it in the long term is not a valid reason.

Offer it to patients. Give them the opportunity to decide whether they want to make food their medicine. Allow them to make a more informed consent about their health issues. Help them start navigating their own ship. Expect a few setbacks or failures, and a lot of successes and lives changed forever.

Isn’t this the medicine you also signed up for some years ago?

Dr. Èvelyne Bourdua-Roy


Keto for beginners

Low carb for beginners

Earlier with Dr. Bourdua-Roy

All earlier posts by Dr. Bourdua-Roy

Low-carb doctors

Low-carb basics


  1. Marie
    Keeping graduates on a closed Facebook page has to help, but honestly, there seems to be a need for a Lo-Carb Anonymous group to keep people on track, after the style of Alcoholics Anonymous.
    A high sugar diet for 50 plus years has created a dependency of addiction and needs to be treated like one. Group meeting, with exchanges of recipes and stories has to help to retain graduates.
  2. Diane
    Following LCHf for beginners helps as the constantly offers help and encouragement to keep going.
  3. 1 comment removed
  4. Kiki
    @ Marie
    Sugar is an addiction and has to be supported like AA. With obvious need for group intervention and support.. completely agree with you!
  5. 1 comment removed
  6. Cathy
    I agree, sugar is very addictive and I always said its like attending AA to try an get it out of my system.
  7. Margaret
    Overeaters Anonymous is a cousin of AA for sugar addicts.
  8. Lorraine Nagle
    I agree with the added support after the six months. It is my experience that pressure from family and friends is a huge problem. They are constantly trying to save you from your dangerous way of eating or not eating if your fasting!
    It can wear down even the most committed after a while!
    When most of the world remains brainwashed to the low fat calories in calories out regime there is no safe haven in a storm like a forum of like minded people!
    You might fall but that group will help you get back up!
  9. MIchelle
    Maybe you have a once-a-month seminar open to all your current and former patients to help them regain motivation.
  10. SusanK
    I respect and admire your willingness to be better and more successful in reversing health, but I read this piece with a sinking heart until I got to the end. Dr. Bourdua-Roy, I believe you have buried your lead--as they say in the writing business. Way down at the bottom of the page: "...so far, for every failure, there is at least a dozen of successes." That's better than an 83% success rate. That is EXTRAORDINARY. In any other practice these patients would hear that they have an incurable, chronic and progressive disease and in your practice patients have reversed their disease in 83% of cases. The other 17%? I believe you need to embrace the power of "YET." They have not "yet" reversed their disease, but unlike the patients in other practices they have the tools, knowledge and resources to do so. We humans are a funny lot and it just takes some of us a bit longer. I think those 17% might have much to teach us, I'm happy you are interested in learning more from them.
  11. Brien
    Good point. As I understand it the reversal success rate for standard pharmacuetical diabetes treatment is essentially zero. The percentage of people who can stick with a typical calorie restriction diet without regaining all their original weight, or more, is reported to be about 5%.

    Given those odds, I'd take the 83% option.

  12. Belinda
    Excellent article. I have been on Keto Low Carb since April 27, 2017 consistently. In that time my blood sugar testing results have dropped significantly. My PCPhysician was not on board with this dietary change. She was very skeptical. My Gastroenterologist and Endocrinologist were thrilled about the change and very encouraging. After my second set of blood work for my Endocrinologist she said I was doing a great job and the dietary change was affecting my blood work in a very positive way. I will be seeing my Gastroenterologist in the next week; am anxious to hear her analysis since my last visit. My A1c dropped from 7.1 to 6.0 in less than three months. I was thrilled and so was my PCP; she is still skeptical. I know I will have continued success because of the great articles, recipes and videos on the Diet Doctor website as my inspiration and guide. Again, thanks for an amazing article!
  13. Carolyn Milschewski
    Excellent article. I am a person who was raised in a meat and potato family, in the clean your plate club, and am an emotional eater. I need to lose 130 pounds to get a very needed hernia surgery done. I have started a LCHF lifestyle several times and cannot seem to stick with it. I lose 30 pounds, I gain it back, I lose 30 pounds, I gain it back. My A1C number are not prediabetic but they are getting closer every year. I sabotage myself. It is so frustrating. I have done this for three years. I just read a book by Gretchen Rubin called the 4 Tendencies. I am an Obliger and I meet external expectations and cannot meet internal expectations. This has been the story of my whole life. To combat this she says Obligers need to set up external accountability. It sounds like in your program you may have a few Obligers as well. They do well in the structured environment when there are external expectations and accountability, but flounder when they are only accountable to themselves. I am going to try to set up some external accountabilities for me with my weight loss goals. Hopefully I will be able to stay LCHF for life now. Thanks for your information.
  14. Daniel
    Je tiens à remercier Dr. Bourdua-Roy pour son humilité et sa force. Merci de nous partager votre vécu en tant que professionnel de la santé qui a un sincère désir d'aider sa clientèle et d'informer le monde qu'il existe une autre façon de faire pour retrouver la santé. Julie Chrétien

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