The science of low carb and keto
– the evidence
It’s written by Dr. Andreas Eenfeldt, MD, with the latest major update on April 7, 2019.1 Further additions and editing by Franziska Spritzler, RD. The resource was medically reviewed by Dr. Bret Scher, MD, on April 6, 2019.
The guide contains scientific references in the text. You can find more references in the notes throughout the text. Click the links to read the peer-reviewed scientific papers. When appropriate we include a grading of the strength of the evidence, with a link to our policy on this. Our evidence-based guides are updated at least once per year to reflect and reference the latest science on the topic.
All our evidence-based health guides are written or reviewed by medical doctors who are experts on the topic. To stay unbiased we show no ads, sell no products and take no money from industry.2 We’re fully funded by the people, via an optional membership.3
This diet plan is for adults with health issues, including obesity, that could benefit from a low-carb diet.
Controversial topics related to a low-carb diet, and our take on them, include saturated fats, cholesterol, whole grains, red meat, whether the brain needs carbohydrates and restricting calories for weight loss.
Should you find any inaccuracy in this diet plan and guide, please email email@example.com.
The latest update includes a number of modest changes in the text, following the latest medical review, and the addition of many more scientific references. ↩
A full declaration of potential conflicts of interests of individual authors or reviewers can be found on their personal pages, linked from their names. ↩
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