Signs and symptoms of diabetes (type 1 and 2) – the evidence
It’s written by Franziska Spritzler, RD, with the latest major update on August 15, 2019. Additional editing and fact-checking by Dr. Bret Scher, MD. The guide was medically reviewed by Dr. David Unwin, MD, on August 12, 2019.1
The guide contains scientific references. You can find these in the notes throughout the text, and click the links to read the peer-reviewed scientific papers. When appropriate we include a grading of the strength of the evidence, with a link to our policy on this. Our evidence-based guides are updated at least once per year to reflect and reference the latest science on the topic.
All our evidence-based health guides are written or reviewed by medical doctors who are experts on the topic. To stay unbiased we show no ads, sell no products and take no money from industry.2 We’re fully funded by the people, via an optional membership.3
In this guide, we recommend a low-carb diet. While a low-carb diet has many proven benefits, it’s still controversial. The main potential danger regards medications, especially for diabetes, where doses may need to be adapted. Discuss any changes in medication and relevant lifestyle changes with your doctor. Full disclaimer
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The latest update includes a few modest changes in the text and the addition of several scientific references. ↩
A full declaration of potential conflicts of interests of individual authors or reviewers can be found on their personal pages, linked from their names. ↩
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