Low Carb

LCHF for Beginners
– the Low Carb, High Fat Diet

Do you want to get healthier and leaner, just by eating real food, with no hunger? Then LCHF – low carb, high fat – and this page is for you.


  1. Introduction
  2. Video course
  3. What to eat – in 33 languages
  4. Success stories
  5. How LCHF works
  6. Tips and recipes
  7. Recommended cookbooks
  8. Learn more
  9. Q&A
  10. Get started (the low-carb challenge)

low carb diet

1. Introduction

An LCHF diet means you eat fewer carbohydrates and a higher proportion of fat. Most importantly you minimize your intake of sugar and starches. You can eat other delicious foods until you are satisfied – and still lose weight.

A number of recent high-quality scientific studies shows that a low-carb diet makes it easier both to lose weight and to control your blood sugar. And that’s just the beginning.

The basics

  • Eat: Meat, fish, eggs, vegetables growing above ground and natural fats (like butter).
  • Avoid: Sugar and starchy foods (like bread, pasta, rice, beans and potatoes).

Skaldeman's fish soup
Eat when you’re hungry until you are satisfied. It’s that simple.

You do not need to count calories or weigh your food. And just forget about industrially produced low fat products.

There are solid scientific reasons why low-carb diets works. When you avoid sugar and starches your blood sugar stabilizes and the levels of insulin, the fat-storing hormone, drop. This increases fat burning and makes you feel more satiated.

Note for diabetics

Avoiding the carbohydrates that raise your blood sugar decreases your need for medication to lower it. Taking the same dose of insulin as you did prior to adopting a low-carb diet might result in hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). You need to test your blood sugar frequently when starting this diet and adapt (lower) your medication. This should ideally be done with the assistance of a knowledgeable physician.

If you’re healthy or a diabetic treated either by diet alone or just with Metformin there is no risk of hypoglycemia. Learn more


2. Video course

How to Eat Low-Carb, High-Fat Video Course

Do you want to watch a new high-quality 11-minute video course on how to eat LCHF? And about the most important things to think about on an LCHF diet? Sign up for our free newsletter and you’ll get instant access to it:

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3. What to Eat

Eat all you like

  • Meat: Any type, including beef, pork, game meat, chicken, etc. Feel free to eat the fat on the meat as well as the skin on the chicken. If possible try to choose organic or grass fed meat.
  • Fish and shellfish: All kinds: Fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel or herring are great. Avoid breading.
  • Eggs: All kinds: Boiled, fried, omelettes, etc. Preferably organic eggs.
  • Natural fat, high-fat sauces: Using butter and cream for cooking can make your food taste better and make you feel more satiated. Try a Béarnaise or Hollandaise sauce, check the ingredients or make it yourself. Coconut oil and olive oil are also good options.
  • Vegetables that grow above ground: All kinds of cabbage, such as cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. Asparagus, zucchini, eggplant, olives, spinach, mushrooms, cucumber, lettuce, avocado, onions, peppers, tomatoes etc.
  • Dairy products: Always select full-fat options like real butter, cream (40% fat), sour cream, Greek/Turkish yogurt and high-fat cheeses. Be careful with regular milk and skim milk as they contain a lot of milk sugar. Avoid flavored, sugary and low-fat products.
  • Nuts: Great for a TV treat instead of candy (ideally in moderation).
  • Berries: Okay in moderation, if you are not a super strict or sensitive. Great with whipped cream.

Low carb foods

Read the nutrition label in the grocery store.
No more than 5% of carbohydrates for a food is a good rule of thumb.


Avoid if you can

  • Sugar: The worst. Soft drinks, candy, juice, sports drinks, chocolate, cakes, buns, pastries, ice cream, breakfast cereals. Preferably avoid sweeteners as well.
  • Starch: Bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, French fries, potato chips, porridge, muesli and so on. Wholegrain products are just less bad. Legumes, such as beans and lentils, are high in carbs. Moderate amounts of root vegetables may be OK (unless you’re eating extremely low carb).
  • Margarine: Industrially imitated butter with unnaturally high content of omega-6 fat. Has no health benefits, tastes bad. Statistically linked to asthma, allergies and other inflammatory diseases.
  • Beer: Liquid bread. Full of rapidly absorbed carbs, unfortunately.
  • Fruit: Very sweet, lots of sugar. Eat once in a while. Treat fruit as a natural form of candy.



Once in a while

You decide when the time is right. Your weight loss may slow down a bit.

  • Alcohol: Dry wine (regular red or dry white wine), whisky, brandy, vodka and cocktails without sugar.
  • Dark chocolate: Above 70% cocoa, preferably just a bit.

Drink on most days

  • Water
  • Coffee: Try it with full-fat cream
  • Tea


countries3Advice on LCHF in other languages

Arabic, Brazilian Portuguese, Bulgarian, (pdf) (another version), Chinese, Chinese (Taiwan), Croatian, Czech, Danish (Word), Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian (pdf), Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish (pdf), Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Ruthenian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish (Word), Swahili, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian

Do you have another translation or a significant improvement of one of the earlier ones? E-mail me (more info).


4. Success Stories

Here’s inspiration: 100+ success stories. Slide image below horizontally to see more stories.




See all success stories


5. How Low-Carb Diets Works

What are you designed to eat?

Humans evolved over millions of years as hunter-gatherers, without eating large amounts of carbohydrates. We ate the food available to us in nature by hunting, fishing and gathering all the edible foods we could find. These foods did not include pure starch in the form of bread, pasta, rice or potatoes. We have only eaten these starchy foods for 5 – 10 000 years, since the development of agriculture. Only a limited adaptation of our genes takes place in such a relatively short time.

With the Industrial Revolution, 100 – 200 years ago, we got factories that could manufacture large amounts of pure sugar and white flour. Rapidly digested pure carbohydrates. We’ve hardly had time to genetically adapt to these processed foods.

In the 80s, the fear of fat gripped the western world. Low-fat products popped up everywhere. But if you eat less fat you need to eat more carbohydrates to feel satiated. And it’s at this time in history that our disastrous epidemics of obesity and diabetes started. The most fat-phobic country in the world, the USA, was hit the hardest and is now the world’s most obese country.

Today, it’s clear that the fear of real food with natural fat contents has been a big mistake.

The problem with sugar and starch

All digestible carbohydrates are broken down into simple sugars in the intestines. The sugar is then absorbed into the blood, raising the blood glucose levels. This increases the production of the hormone insulin, our fat storing hormone.


Insulin is produced in the pancreas. In large amounts it prevents fat burning and stores surplus nutrients in fat cells. After some time (a few hours or less) this may result in a perceived shortage of nutrients in the blood, creating feelings of hunger and cravings for something sweet. Usually at that point people eat again. This starts the process again: A vicious cycle leading to weight gain.

On the other hand, a low intake of carbs gives you a lower, more stable blood glucose, and lower amounts of insulin. This increases the release of fat from your fat stores and increases the fat burning. This usually leads to fat loss, especially around the belly in abdominally obese individuals.

Weight loss without hunger

An LCHF diet makes it easier for the body to use its fat reserves, as their release is no longer blocked by high insulin levels. This may be one reason why eating fat produces a feeling of longer-lasting satiety than carbohydrates. It’s been shown in a number of studies: When people eat all they want on a low carb diet caloric intake typically drops.

So, no counting or food weighing is necessary. You can forget about the calories and trust your feelings of hunger and satiety. Most people don’t need to count or weigh their food any more than they need to count their breathing. If you don´t believe it, just try for a couple of weeks and see for yourself.

Health as a bonus

No animals in nature need the assistance of nutritional expertise or calorie charts to eat. And still, as long as they eat the food they are designed to eat they stay at a normal weight and they avoid caries, diabetes and heart disease. Why would humans be an exception? Why would you be an exception?

In scientific studies not only is the weight improved on a low carb diet – the blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol profile (HDL, triglycerides) are also improved. A calm stomach and less cravings for sweet food are also common experiences.

Initial side effects

If you stop eating sugar and starch cold turkey (recommended) you may experience some side effects as your body adjusts. For most people these side effects tend to be mild and last a just few days. There are also ways to minimize them.

Common side effects in the first week:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Heart palpitations
  • Irritability

The side effects rapidly subside as your body adapts and your fat burning increases. They can be minimized by drinking more fluids and by temporarily increasing your salt intake a bit. A good option is to drink some broth every few hours. Alternatively, drink a few extra glasses of water and put extra salt on your food.

The reason for this is that carbohydrate-rich foods may increase the water retention in your body. When you stop eating high-carb foods you’ll lose excess water through your kidneys. This can result in dehydration and a lack of salt during the first week, before the body has adapted.

Some people prefer to decrease their intake of carbohydrates slowly, over a few weeks, to minimize the side effects. But the “Nike way” (Just Do It) is probably the best choice for most people. Removing most sugar and starch often results in several pounds lost on the scale within a few days. It may be mostly fluids but it’s great for the motivation.

The most common problems on low carb


More on all possible side effects & how to cure them

How low to go?

The less carbohydrate you eat the bigger the effects on weight and blood sugar will be. I recommend following the dietary advice as strict as you can. When you’re happy with your weight and health you may gradually try eating more liberally (if you want to).

More details: How low carb is LCHF?

The Food Revolution

This presentation I gave at the Ancestral Health Symposium 2011 summarizes the history and science behind the ongoing LCHF revolution.

The Food Revolution – Dr. Andreas Eenfeldt4.8 out of 5 stars5 star89%4 star8%3 star0%2 star2%1 star0%37 ratings3751:51There’s a 2015 update available on the member site – free trial available – click image on the right.

More theory and practice

Here several of the world’s biggest experts on the subject explain the theory and practice of carb restriction:

Dr Westman’s Guide to LCHF 2/5: How to Become a Fat-Burning Machine4.6 out of 5 stars5 star77%4 star15%3 star2%2 star2%1 star2%45 ratings4511:30The 5 common mistakes on LCHF4.7 out of 5 stars5 star76%4 star15%3 star7%2 star0%1 star0%39 ratings3909:25

 How to Do an LCHF Diet – Dr. Eric Westman4.6 out of 5 stars5 star71%4 star19%3 star5%2 star3%1 star0%52 ratings521:00:45 LCHF for Obesity and Diabetes – Dr. Jay Wortman4.8 out of 5 stars5 star90%4 star3%3 star6%2 star0%1 star0%31 ratings311:03:45A Worldwide Nutrition Revolution – Prof. Tim Noakes4.8 out of 5 stars5 star87%4 star6%3 star2%2 star4%1 star0%48 ratings481:06:09


Older videos on YouTube

Low Carb Explained

Low Carb Living
The Science of Low Carb



6. Tips and recipes

Choose a topic below for a thorough guide (on another page) or keep reading for a shortened version of all the guides.




Breakfast suggestions

Skaldeman breakfast

  • Eggs and bacon
  • Omelet
  • Leftovers from last night’s dinner
  • Coffee with cream
  • A can of mackerel and boiled eggs
  • Boiled egg with mayonnaise or butter
  • Avocado, salmon and sour cream
  • Sandwich on Oopsie-bread
  • Cheese with butter
  • Boiled eggs mashed with butter, chopped chives, salt and pepper
  • A piece of brie cheese and some ham or salami
  • High-fat yoghurt with nuts and seeds (and maybe berries)

Lunch and dinner


  • Meat, fish or chicken dishes with vegetables and a rich full-fat sauce. There are many alternatives to potatoes, such as mashed cauliflower.
  • Stews, soups or casseroles with low-carb ingredients.
  • You can use most recipes in cookbooks if you avoid the carbohydrate-rich ingredients. It’s often a good idea to add fat (e.g. butter, cream) to the recipe. Or get an LCHF cookbook.
  • Drink water with your meal or (occasionally) a glass of wine.


On a low-carbohydrate diet with more fat and a bit more protein you will probably not need to eat as often. Don’t be surprised if you no longer need to snack. Many people do well on two or three meals per day. If you need a snack:

  • Rolled-up cheese or ham with a vegetable (some people even spread butter on cheese)
  • Olives
  • Nuts
  • A piece of cheese
  • A boiled egg from the refrigerator
  • Canned mackerel in tomato sauce
  • Babybel cheese

Olives and nuts may replace potato chips as great TV snacks. If you always get hungry between meals you’re probably not eating enough fat. Don’t fear fat. Eat more fat until you feel satisfied.

Dining out or meals with friends

  • Restaurants: Usually not a big problem. You can ask to have potatoes/fries switched for a salad. Ask for extra butter.
  • Fast food: Kebab can be a decent option (avoid the bread). At hamburger chains the hamburgers are usually the least bad option. Avoid soft drinks and fries, obviously. Drink water. Pizza toppings are usually OK, and the stricter you are the less of the pizza crust you will eat.
  • If you eat strictly everyday it’s less of a problem to make a few exceptions when you are invited out. If you’re not sure what will be served you can eat something at home before you leave.
  • Nuts or cheese are good “emergency food” when there are no other adequate options to be found.

Shopping list for beginners

Print this list and bring it to the grocery store:

  • Butter
  • Heavy cream (40% fat)
  • Sour cream (full fat)
  • Eggs
  • Bacon
  • Meat (minced, steaks, stew pieces, fillets, etc.)
  • Fish (ideally fatty fish like salmon or mackerel)
  • Cheese (preferably high-fat)
  • Turkish yoghurt (10% fat)
  • Cabbage (cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale, etc.)
  • Other vegetables that grow above ground
  • Frozen vegetables (broccoli, wok vegetables, etc.)
  • Avocados
  • Olives
  • Olive oil
  • Nuts

Clean out your pantry

Want to maximize your chances of success? Especially if you have difficult cravings / sugar addiction, it is smart to throw out (or give away) sugary and starchy foods, low-fat products, etc. These include:

  • Candy
  • Potato chips
  • Soft drinks and juices
  • Margarine
  • Sugar in all forms
  • Bread
  • Wheat flour
  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Potatoes
  • Breakfast cereals
  • Everything that says “low fat” or “no fat”
  • Ice cream
  • Cookies

Why not do it now?

The Serpent in Paradise

Be very skeptical of special “low-carb” products, such as pasta or chocolate. Unfortunately these products usually work poorly. They have prevented weight loss for loads of people. They’re commonly full of carbs once you see through the creative marketing.

Carb FictionFor example, Dreamfields’ “low carb pasta” is almost pure starch, which is absorbed more or less like any pasta, albeit slowly:

How about low carb bread? Be careful: if it’s baked with grains it’s certainly not low carb. But some companies still try to sell it to you as a low-carb option. Here’s an example:

Low-carb chocolate is usually full of sugar alcohols, which the manufacturer does not count as carbs. But roughly half of these carbs may be absorbed, raising blood sugar and insulin. The rest of the carbs ends up in the colon, potentially causing gas and diarrhea. Furthermore, any sweeteners can maintain sugar cravings.

If you want to be healthy and slim, eat real food instead.


Main Low-Carb Recipe Page

Easy ways to cook eggs

  1. Place the eggs in cold water and boil for 4 minutes for soft-boiled or 8 minutes for hard-boiled. Enjoy them with mayo if you like.
  2. Fry eggs in butter on one or both sides. Add salt and pepper.
  3. Melt butter in a frying pan and add 2 eggs and 2-3 tablespoons of heavy cream per serving. Add salt and pepper. Stir until done. Add some chives and grated cheese on top. Serve with fried bacon.
  4. Make an omelet batter with 3 eggs and 3 tablespoons of cream. Add salt and spices. Melt butter in the frying pan and pour in the batter. When the upper surface turns solid you can fill it with something tasty. For example one or several kinds of cheese, fried bacon, fried mushrooms, good sausage (read the ingredients) or left-overs from last night’s dinner. Fold the omelet in half and serve with a crispy salad.

Instead of bread

Will you have a hard time living without bread? Ooopsies are a good option. It’s a “bread” without carbs and can be eaten in a variety of ways.

6–8 depending on size.

3 eggs
100 grams (3.5 ounces) of cream cheese
a pinch of salt
½ tablespoon fiberhusk / psyllium seed husks (optional)
½ teaspoon baking powder (optional)

  • Separate the eggs, with the egg whites in one bowl and the egg yolks in another.
  • Whip egg whites together with salt until very stiff. You should be able to turn the bowl over without the egg whites moving.
  • Mix the egg yolks and the cream cheese well. If you want, add the psyllium seed husk and baking powder (this makes the Oopsie more bread-like).
  • Gently fold the egg whites into the egg yolk mix – try to keep the air in the egg whites.
  • Put 6 large or 8 smaller oopsies on a baking tray.
  • Bake in the middle of the oven at 150° C (300° F) for about 25 minutes – until they turn golden.
  • You can have an Oopsie as a sandwich or use it as a bun for a hotdog or hamburger. You can also put different kinds of seeds on them before baking them, for instance poppy, sesame or sunflower seeds. One big Oopsie can be used to make a swiss roll: Add a generous layer of whipped cream and some berries. Enjoy.

Instead of potatoes, rice and pasta

  • Mashed cauliflower: Divide the cauliflower into smaller pieces and boil them with a pinch of salt until soft. Remove the water. Add cream and butter and mash.
  • LCHF-middag: LaxSalads made from above-ground vegetables, perhaps with some kind of cheese. Try out different kinds.
  • Boiled broccoli, cauliflower or Brussels sprouts.
  • Vegetables au gratin: Fry squash, aubergine and fennel (or other vegetables you like) in butter. Add salt and pepper. Put in baking dish and add grated cheese. Bake at 225° C (450° F) until the cheese melts and turns golden.
  • Vegetables stewed in cream, e.g. cabbage or spinach.
  • Cauliflower rice: Grate cauliflower, boil for a minute or two. Great substitute for rice.
  • Avocado

Snacks and dessert

  • Mixed nuts
  • Sausage: Cut it in pieces, add a piece of cheese and stick a toothpick through them.
  • Vegetables with dip, Try cucumber sticks, red, yellow or green peppers, cauliflower, etc.
  • Cream cheese rolls: Roll some cream cheese in a piece of salami, air-dried ham or a long slice of cucumber.
  • Olives
  • LCHF chips: On a baking tray, form small piles of grated Parmesan cheese. Heat in oven at 225°C (450°F). Let them melt and get a nice color (be careful – they burn easily). Serve as chips, perhaps with some dip.

More healthy tips



7. Recommended cookbooks

There are a million cookbooks with low-carb recipes. Just avoid books that are unnecessarily scared of fat. Remember: If you avoid carbs you have to eat more fat or you’ll be hungry. Don’t fear fat. Fat is your friend. Add fat until you feel satisfied.

Another bonus is if the cookbook is not full of artificial sweeteners, “treats” and desserts. Too much of these things can easily derail any weight-loss attempt, even if they’re labeled “low carb”.

Here are two recommended cookbooks.

Good luck with your new LCHF life!



8. Learn More


Low Carb is Fantastic for Reversing Type 2 Diabetes and Normalizing Blood Sugar

Do you have type 2 diabetes? If not you most likely know someone who does. And low carb is fantastic for treating type 2 diabetes.

DiabetesTestF9-reversedIt only make sense that eating less of what turns into blood sugar (carbohydrates) makes it easier to keep the blood sugar down. Low carb may be so effective that people with diabetes need to reduce their medication – especially insulin doses – immediately.

Better blood sugar from day 1. Less need for medication. And weight loss as a bonus. Low carb is a fantastic treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Learn more about Low Carb and Diabetes

PS: People with type 1 diabetes can also benefit from a low-carb diet. Learn More

How to Lose WeightHow to Lose Weight

Losing Weight Effortlessly
on Low Carb

Some people lose weight fantastically well on low carb, immediately on the first try. Perhaps the weight even stays off forever.

For others it can be a more of a challenge. Do you want to lose more weight or lose weight faster? There are many things you can do to improve your chances.

Read more about How to Lose Weight


Blood Pressure


Normalizing Blood Pressure on Low Carb

An elevated blood pressure reliably drops on low carb. This can be clearly seen in scientific trials, and it’s a very common experience for people trying it.

In fact, this effect can be so marked that people on blood pressure medication may end up feeling dizzy and tired from too low blood pressure. They’ve basically become too healthy for their medication!

If this happens you’ll have to reduce the dose of your blood pressure medication, or stop taking it completely, with guidance from your doctor.

Learn more about Blood Pressure and Low Carb


Side Effects on Low Carb

Avoiding Side Effects on Low Carb

Do you struggle when starting low carb? Do you get a headache, leg cramps, constipation or any of the 6 most common side effects? It’s usually possible to avoid them – and feel great while losing weight.

The main solution to most common problems when starting low carb is to increase the intake of water and salt. It’s even better to do it preventatively during the first week. If you do you’ll most likely not experience any of these problems, or they’ll only be minor.

Learn about the 6 common side effects on low carb – and how to cure them



Times 1984 and 2014

1984  Fear of Fat →
2014  “Eat Butter”

Chances are you’ve heard that a low-carb diet will kill you. This as a low-carb diet normally means we eat a higher proportion of fat instead.

This old idea is based on the belief that natural fat is not good for us. Even though humans have always been eating fat, somehow it was supposed to mess up our bodies, raising our cholesterol and giving us a heart attack.

The good news is we now know this idea was simply wrong. Check out these two covers of TIME magazine. The first one is from 1984 – the start of the intense fear of fat. Instead of natural food we got lots of low-fat products, loaded with added sugar and starch. This, not so coincidentally, marked the start of the modern obesity epidemic.

The second cover is more current, from 2014. It says “Eat butter” and the story is about how scientists are now realizing they were wrong to fear fat. What a difference 30 years make!

Just about everybody already knows that low-carb works for weight loss (and some other things). The good news is we now also know it’s safe… and likely even a very healthy way to eat.

Learn more about the obsolete fear of fat

Learn more about the causes of the obesity epidemic




The unnecessary fear of fat and cholesterol started the epidemics of obesity and diabetes. Modern science shows what the mistake was.

We thought that all cholesterol was harmful. That a low cholesterol was always good, and that a high cholesterol was always bad. This was wrong. The truth is – as usual – more complicated.

More important than having a low cholesterol is to have a good cholesterol profile. To have a lot of the good protecting HDL-cholesterol, for example. And how do you get that? Well, the easiest way is to avoid sugar and flour, and instead eat enough fat to feel satisfied.


Avoiding fat and instead eating a lot of easily digestible carbohydrates often causes a dangerous cholesterol profile: small, nasty, dense LDL particles and a shortage of protective HDL-cholesterol. This is probably why low-fat foods seem to cause more heart disease.

Read the science showing how low-carb high-fat improves the cholesterol profile

Read all blog posts on cholesterol


The Answers to Your Questions


Do you have questions about anything low-carb related? We have ready answers to all common questions – and more.

Questions and Answers about Low Carb



Keep reading about What to Eat on a Low-Carb Diet



Improve this page

Do you have any suggestion – big or small – to improve this page?
Anything that you’d like added or changed?
Comment below or e-mail me at andreas@dietdoctor.com.

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  1. melissA
    wonder if ok take leap to 3 meals maybe 2 but 3 down from 4

    i do notice dinner fills me long

    so maybe

    more add of veggies with butter to meals

    one meal idea
    - 3 eggs hb, a cup mushrooms and spinach cooked butter, n cottge cheese/ricotta on side

    or even steak blue cheez dressing n brussel sprouts in butter

    i think when i count calories i add all want
    but if i didn't i'd eat right amount or lighter without stress of numbers n hunger.

  2. melissA
    any truth veggies u can eat alot freely..

    love spinach n mushrooms

  3. MeriR
    Hello. I am reactive hypoglycemic and have a lot of problems with it. Would this "diet" help me or hurt me? I understand any healthy and natural diet is super, and I am trying to get it under control but for some reason it just won't go. I am skipping as much sugar as possible (usually only get what is in fruits), been eating homemade whole wheat bread and still no changes. My levels still keep dropping.
  4. Zepp
    Reactive hypoglycemia.. is typical for those how have an heredity for diabetes.

    Its over diagnosted but the cure for it seems to be the same.. lower glycemic load and to eat small portions often.

    "Low-carbohydrate diet and/or frequent small split meals is the first treatment of this condition. The first important point is to add small meals at the middle of the morning and of the afternoon, when glycemia would start to decrease. If adequate composition of the meal is found, the fall in blood glucose is thus prevented. Patients should avoid rapidly absorbable sugars and thus avoid popular soft drinks rich in glucose or sucrose. They should also be cautious with drinks associating sugar and alcohol, mainly in the fasting state."


    "SUMMARY - Postprandial reactive hypoglycemia (PRH) can be diagnosed if sympathetic and neuroglucopenic symptoms develop concurrently with low blood sugar (< 3.3 mmol). Neither the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) nor mixed meals are suitable for this diagnosis, due to
    respectively false positive and false negative results. They should be
    replaced by ambulatory glycemic control or, as recently proposed, an
    hyperglucidic breakfast test. PRH patients often suffer from an associated adrenergic hormone postprandial syndrome, with potential pathologic consequences such as cardiac arrhythmia. PRH could result from
    (a) an exaggerated insulin response, either related to insulin resistance
    or to increased glucagon-like-peptide 1; (b) renal glycosuria; (c) defects
    in glucagon response; (d) high insulin sensitivity, probably the most frequent cause (50-70%), which is not adequately compensated by hypoinsulinemia and thus cannot be measured by indices of insulin sensitivity
    such as the homeostatic model assessment. Such situations are frequent
    in very lean people, or after massive weight reduction, or in women with
    moderate lower body overweight. PRH is influenced by patient’s alimentary habits (high carbohydrate-low fat diet, alcohol intake). Thus, diet
    remains the main treatment, although α-glucosidase inhibitors and some
    other drugs may be helpful."


    Jimmy Moore did get the same condition!


    And I think he managed to come out of it?

  5. melissA
    any truth that even as strange as it sounds.. that if you drank the bacon liquid or soak spinach n it n ate is super ok on this diet approach lol or using stick butter all day
  6. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check
    again here frequently. I'm quite sure I'll
    learn plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
  7. melissA
    i've been having bacon but cooking it not crispy, just enough for color n slight crisp but keeping it soft.. is that ok..def lov it:)
  8. Ghislain
    I have a question about the acceptable level of ketosis.

    First thing in the morning: 80 mg/dl
    During the day I hardly go below 60 mg/dl

    When I eat carbs like avocado it might go down to no less than 50 mg/dl.

    It can get as high as 100 if I don't eat any carbs at all.

    I feel normal. Do I have to worry about being so low?

    The only way to bring down the level of ketosis is to eat more carbs.

    Do any of you have any information or comments about this?

  9. Zepp
    "Normal = A negative test result. The pad will not change colour.

    Positive values are read as:-
    Small - less than 20 mg/dL
    Moderate - between 30-40 mg/dL
    Large - 40 to 80 mg/dL
    Very large - 80 to 160mg.dL

    Positive ketones are not considered to be a problem if:-
    1. Your blood glucose is within range.
    2. If you are fasting or you are on a very strict diet, especially one with very low carb and lots of protein and fats."


    No, you shouldnt have any worrys if you eat some small amounts of carbs but still are in ketosis!
    If you not think that a specifik number is a sign of healt and weightloss?

    Stick to your feeling of normality.. and make the plans for a long healty life.. I think you know by now how you should do to accelrate weigtloss if you want to.. but short cuts often becomes dead ends!

  10. bac-o-nation
    question about ketosis..Is that any means of a faster burning of calories...like metabolism boosting from low carb, or no?
  11. Zepp
    Dont think its a normal reaction that metabolism get higher.. the moste normal reaction if one is obese is that ones apetite get lower.

    Ketosis seems more to have an apetite reduction apeal.

    And ketosis only means that you dont eat enough carbs for your bodys emediate demands.. so it do replace a lot of glucose with keton budies.. your brain can take as much as 70% of its energy need from keton budies.

    Some say they get a lot warmer.. but that is probably about gluconeogenis.. that make glucose from amino acids.. and it spills a lot of heat.. its a energy demanding process.

  12. bac-o-nation
    awesome..and do you know ..cause if ones at perfect weight will they be able not to gain fat since their cells are small. at high fat diet and protein diet?
  13. Zepp
    You dont get fat of fat.. one get fat from eating more then one use.. and it could be fat, carbs or protein.. or alcohol!

    Its more about how energy regulation affects your apetite or if you have som metabolic disturbance.

    And it is dificult to eat to much fat in absens of sugar or other carbs.. becuse high blood sugar do rise insulin levels thats promte storing of fat and inhibit fatoxidation.

    You know.. there are as much energy in a calorie of fat as in a calorie of carbs.. and if one is an healty person with an undamaged metabolism.. ones apetite react from how much calories one eat.

    But your individual cells are the enduser of energy you put in your mouth.. and if its not get to those cells, they starve, and you get hungry.

  14. Alexey
    Good site, but is a pity that there is no version in Russian!
  15. Amy
    I wanted to know if you must count calories following this way of eating?
  16. Zepp
    Calories do counts.. but dont bother to count them.. your bodys apetite system supose to do this for you.

    And of course there are seldom any good reason to eat more then one need.

    For moste that is obese it seems to have a apetite regulation apeal.

    You know.. fat have calories to.. but it affect ones body different then glucose, one get a different metabolism.. lower insulin and higher glucagon.. its rise ones fatoxidation capability.

    And your next question is probably if one have to exercise a lot?

    Well, exercise is good for healt for moste peopel, but not that nessesery for weightloss.

  17. Charlie

    ScienceDaily (Dec. 6, 2012) — Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have identified a novel mechanism by which a type of low-carb, low-calorie diet -- called a "ketogenic diet" -- could delay the effects of aging. This fundamental discovery reveals how such a diet could slow the aging process and may one day allow scientists to better treat or prevent age-related diseases, including heart disease, Alzheimer's disease and many forms of cancer.

  18. Nusaybah
    Any advice for someone who eats high carb food for comfort? I do really well on the LCHF diet, but if I get stressed or upset, I fall back into the old habbit of eating for comfort, and it's usually something sweet or high in carbs. And then after I feel rotten, but it doesn't prevent me from doing it again!
  19. DONNA
    reason why eating alot and always headache n stomach growling? been under 20carbs 65% fat 27%-30% protien n rest veggie carbs or tea..

    n stomach growln n feel ill n huge headaches all day

    right now too.so hard to concentrate.

  20. Nusaybah
    Any ideas on what to replace the habit of drinking tea with sugar? I drink coffee with cream and no sugar, but I can't stand tea if its not sweetened and I only want to have one or two cups or coffee a day. Where I live its very cold and we drink a lot of hot drinks to stay warm.
  21. Annelie
    What about drinking a "sweet flavoured" tea such as cranberry or vanilla? Try that with two teaspoons of coconut oil, sooo delish!!
  22. Nusaybah
    Thanks Annelie....I'll give that a go! Im having a problem finding coconut oil here though :(
  23. Annelie
    Where do you live?
  24. Nusaybah
    I'm Aussie, moved to Jordan 5 months ago. What about you?
  25. DONNA
    does cranberry tea as is taste good with no sweetner. before had few and it tasted bad.. which are good choices?
  26. Nusaybah
    I was never a tea drinker except for Chai Latte which is very adictive! Even when adding only water it has 18 grms carbs!!! But since moving here I've been enjoying green tea with either mint or rosemary....but both must have a bit of sugar to taste good. I just want to find something that tastes nice that I can drink throughout the day that doesn't contain carbs :)
  27. DONNA
    ME TOO.. i was drinking diet peach snapple but taste super sweet that I might add water to let the flavor reduce. I really want another good tasting flavo then plain water, without sugar free sweetners
  28. Dominick
    I was on a LCHF diet since about January 2011 until around Thanksgiving this year. Let me tell you, I never felt better than when I was on that diet. It mainly consisted of poultry and seeds, which sounds like a really depressing diet and it was at first, but you really do get used to it and my mind never felt more clear. The reason I stopped was because of the advice of my doctor. She thought it was unhealthy and wanted me to eat a more well-rounded diet. I was eating a lot of poultry, anywhere from 16-22 ouces per day, and my carb intake was in the 40-50 gram range. I will admit the high meat intake was starting to scare me. I wasn't eating red meat (havn't in about 5 years), but over a pound of meat per day seemed like too much. Anyway, long story short, since a little before thanksgiving I've added some fruits and more vegetables to my diet. And on Thanksgiving, for the first time in a while, I went bonkers and ate everything. Bread, croissants, muffins, cakes, etc. Since then, I constantly crave that stuff and if I don't eat it now, I feel like shit. By the way, I'm a 21 year old male who has always been thin. I've never had weight gain problems or anything like that. I went on the LCHF diet because I read that it's good for skin problems, and boy did that diet clear up my skin. Now, I'm starting to break out a little, probably from the increased carbs. Anyway, all I know is that the LCHF diet works wonders for many things. Especially going Paleo, gluten-free, and Anti-Candida.
  29. I am just starting this LCHF journey and have been counting carbs for 2 weeks now. Is it OK to subtract fiber from total carbohydrates to obtain the carbs ingested in a day? Or should the carbs include the fiber as well? Sorry for asking, but couldn't find "instruction" on the site 😉
  30. Ghislain
    Klemen: Yes you can subtract the fiber since it's not digested or metabolized.
  31. Ardys
    What are the references used in this website? please and thank you
    Reply: #1532
  32. Zepp
  33. melissA
    does this make sense..doing this in past 2500-2800 cals from tons fat; then did well, but went to 1400-1800 n gained tons of weight n water ... do i need to eat more like b4 or b stuck feeling restricted and gaining? or will any way go gain from it now?
  34. Zepp
    Do you have any eting disturbances?

    Or are you only geting eating less becuse of less apetite?

    The ultimate thing is to have a normal apetite regulation, thats make you eating what your body needs.

    And if one is obese and eating a low carb high fat diet one often become an fat burning person.. and if ones body take some frome the fatstores, then the apetite get lower.. but then one lose weight.

  35. melissA
    i've been forcin to eat less to lose a friend who isn't lo carb said eating too much..n really lo not fely satisfied
  36. I'mafan
    Zepp, I'm surprised you haven't caught on yet. "Melissa" definitely has a serious eating disorder. She posts under different names. I feel extremely sorry for her, but our advice cannot help her. She needs psychological help. Sorry if I come across as unkind... Melissa, you must get help!
  37. map
    hi! i have been on low (almost none at all) carb diet since september but with occassional lapses due to travel and social pressure. i have lost about 8 kilos since then, which is not that much considering but of course i am still happy with it. i started eating more natural fat sometime november and have been doing so ever since. i had my tests last week and was estremely disappointend and quite worried if i should stop with LCHF as my liver tests rose dramatically. ALT (SGPT) -tripled in value from 36 to 95 and AST (SGOT) 25 to 47 (normal being 35 U/L for both). i am seeing my doctor after the holidays and if i tell him about my diet i am sure he will tell me to stop with it. i have been inspired by the many people who have gone on this eating plan and succeeded on losing weight and getting more healthy but i havent seen any thread nor explanation about what it does to the liver. i have had a borderline fatty liver before and maybe LCHF is really not for me. i would appreciate any comment or lead to the right discussion re. this. many thanks.
  38. Zepp
    Hey.. I am no doctor.. but it seems that i could be to gallstone problems?

    "AST/ALT elevations instead of ALP elevations favor liver cell necrosis as a mechanism over cholestatis."


    "In medicine, cholestasis is a condition where bile cannot flow from the liver to the duodenum. The two basic distinctions are an obstructive type of cholestasis where there is a mechanical blockage in the duct system such as can occur from a gallstone or malignancy, and metabolic types of cholestasis which are disturbances in bile formation that can occur because of genetic defects or acquired as a side effect of many medications."


    Talk to your doctor, and tell him your on a ketogenic diet for weight loss and to revers fatty liver.

    Limiting Carbs, Not Calories, Reduces Liver Fat Faster


    Take care of you and never lie to your doctor about ketogenic diet.. he then can draw the wrong conclusion!

    Reply: #1546
  39. Josie
    I was just wondering if there was a refeed day of carbs like in the Keto Diet?
    And I am currently transitioning from hyperthyroid to hypothyroid [which will result in slower metabolism] - have there been positive results for those with hypothyroid? Or hashimotos disease?

    Thank you!
    Great information!

  40. debbie.m
    is blood glucose 88 n ketones .2 is this bad?

    i'm feeling ill frequent headaches that when eat feel better.. but causing me to eat alot even if high fat..n gaining plus drinking 10cups water..

    y is this is it my ketones r blood sugar

    i arobic exercise 5mins..sedetary rest time..n under 20 net carbs

  41. Zepp
    Its dependant of if you need any reefeding.. athlets often do!

    Its cald Cyclic Ketogenic Diet, often used by body builders.. to stay as lean as posible.

    If one have any thyroid disorder, its better managed by medcine.. but there are some diversity about those to.. the cause of thyroid disorders I meaning!

    Chris Kresser have writhing about it.. I think its worth to spend some time to read his blogposts?


    And to the question about if a LCHF diet can have a benefit for those how have such a condition.. its get your energy levels more stabile.. and make your body not to make any T3 för disposal of high high blood sugar!

    " The findings suggest that T3 regulates insulin level in the circulation after glucose ingestion and the increase in serum T3 levels after glucose ingestion is necessary for the glucose removal from the circulation in humans."


    " The pathomechanism proposed is based on the fact that serum concentrations of thyroid hormones, especially of trijodothyronine (T3), are dependent on the amount of dietary carbohydrate. High-carbohydrate diets are associated with significantly higher serum T3 concentrations, compared with very low-carbohydrate diets."


    Reply: #1542
  42. Josie
    WOW thanks so much for the fast response! I thoroughly enjoyed the video you have above and am currently going through every page on this site, haha!
  43. Zepp
    Well im not Doc.. so you know, only one of his Swedish follower!

    Feel free to read all about LCHF.. its the same as Atkins realy.. his books, not the company that selling junkfood!

    Try to read The Kresser blogposts to.. i am not a doctor but he is, and seems to know somthing about thyroids?

  44. I appreciate with you, but the main thing is that the people is not be awake.
    See what the people say's:

    About the diet concepts.
  45. Ghislain
    I promised that i would get back to you all with an update. As I've said before, I started cold turkey on Nov 4 and it was hard going for a good 2 weeks. It took another 2 weeks for the brain fog to go away. (I guess everyone is different!).

    I've lot at least 15 lbs so far which includes 2 notches on my belt. The biggest surprise was that my chronic pain left me after only 3 weeks. I had been suffering from an unknown diffuse nerve pain for many years and now I am free of it at last. That alone makes it all worth while.

    The reason that I started this diet was because my doctor told me that my blood sugar was too high. I was afraid of becoming diabetic. It's strange but even though my doctor told me that my sugar was too high she made no effort to suggest that I change my diet.

    The last time I saw my doctor (Dec 7) I told her I that I had stopped eating all forms of sugar but she didn't seemed all that pleased even though she saw that I had lost 12 lbs and I my chronic pain had gone away! Talk about not getting it! She also warned me against keytones! Aaahhh that's going to be a tough sell.

    My blood pressure is now more stable than before but I'm still on meds (it's only been 2 months).

    My next blood test is in late January and I hope that it will show that my blood sugar has decreased. This should keep her off my back about my new diet.

    Reply: #1549
  46. map
    Hey.. I am no doctor.. but it seems that i could be to gallstone problems?"AST/ALT elevations instead of ALP elevations favor liver cell necrosis as a mechanism over cholestatis."http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liver_function_tests"In medicine, cholestasis is a condition where bile cannot flow from the liver to the duodenum. The two basic distinctions are an obstructive type of cholestasis where there is a mechanical blockage in the duct system such as can occur from a gallstone or malignancy, and metabolic types of cholestasis which are disturbances in bile formation that can occur because of genetic defects or acquired as a side effect of many medications."<a onclick="javascript:_gaq.push(['_trackEvent','outbound-comment','http://en.wikipedia.org']);" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholestasis"
    Hi Zepp. Many thanks for taking time and commenting on my concerns. i have had ultrasound of the liver, gallbladder, kidneys, pancreas and it didn't indicate any problem concerning gall stones. no kidney stones either. just a slightly enlarged liver but not fatty liver. i am still taking all the results to my doctor (i had the ultrasound in another hospital where my friend works, as a personal favor to give me peace of mind for the holidays either way. :). maybe i can try doing a liver flush? happy new year to you and best regards!

    Reply: #1550
  47. Jen
    I would really like someone to explain the benefits or otherwise of consuming saturated fats as against flaxseed oil and apple cider vinegar…
    We have been quite happily following the LCHF guidelines for 12 months now, but I have recently started to regain weight. I think that this is due to over consumption of carbs in the form of green salads and vegetables as we enjoy them so much. It has been suggested to me that we should reduce our consumption of animal fats and replace them with flaxseed oil and apple cider vinegar. From the reading that I’ve done, the consumption of PUFAs is not recommended. Could someone please share their informed thoughts on the benefits or otherwise of this change? I have not been able to find convincing evidence that the claim about the benefits of consuming flaxseed oil is true, even though there are many people prepared to state that it is.
  48. Zepp
    Jen.. if its overconsumtion on veggies, then you must be realy insulin resistante.. but is this realy somthing you have to consider?

    One get up and down in weight of a lot of things.. but verry seldom from veggie consumtion!

    I realy think flax seed oil is better used in paint.. like in good old times!

    I think Cris Kresser do explain the whole thing much better then me!


    Reply: #1551
  49. Zepp
    Thank you for wrighting about your outcomes.. one always wonder how it goes for peopel that one reads about.

    That you lost that much is a sign that somthing is happen in your body, thats a fact, and its probably somthing posistiv!

    High Insulin levels have a indirect link to pain in some studys, it seems to be that insulin uppregulate the conversion of inflamtory eikosanoids.. not sure.. probably an hypotese, but you are not the only one saying the same.

    Tell here to look att those SA scientist that study ketosis, like Koeslag and Noakes.. its perfetcly safe and have an regulation by insulin.. so if you have an normal insulin secretion, then its regulated by its self.

  50. Zepp
    Hey map.. well im no doctor so I only guess!

    And I still cant belive that eating real food can damage ones liver?

    There are more links betwen high bloodsugar and fatty liver.. how if it do persist do leading to nekrosis of liver cells.

    ASAT/ALAT are typical inflamation markers I read and can be of any reasons, not only in the liver.

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