How to Lose Weight

 How to lose weight

Do you have trouble losing weight? Or would you like to lose it faster? Here are the 17 best tips for you.

For some people losing all of their excess weight is easier said than done. But there are many common errors people make. Correcting them can restart or speed up your weight loss.

Based on a decade of experience treating obese patients, reading studies, going to obesity conferences and discussing this topic with the world’s biggest experts, here’s my best advice for maximizing your weight loss.

Start at the top of the list (most important) and go down as far as you need. Perhaps you only need the first piece of advice?

How to Lose Weight

  1. Choose a low carb diet
  2. Eat when hungry
  3. Eat real food
  4. Measure your progress wisely
  5. Be patient
  6. Women: Avoid fruit
  7. Men: Avoid beer
  8. Avoid artificial sweeteners
  9. Review any medications
  10. Stress less, sleep more
  11. Eat less dairy products and nuts
  12. Supplement vitamins and minerals
  13. Exercise smart
  14. Achieve optimal ketosis
  15. Get your hormones checked
  16. coming soon
  17. coming soon


1. Choose a Low Carb Diet

If you want to lose weight you should start by avoiding sugar and starch (like bread). This is an old idea: For 150 years or more there have been an infinite number of weight loss diets based on eating less carbs. What’s new is that at least 17 modern scientific studies have proven that, yes, low carb is the most effective way to lose weight.


Obviously it’s still possible to lose weight on any diet – just eat less calories than you burn, right? The problem with this simplistic advice is that it ignores the elephant in the room: Hunger. Most people don’t like to “just eat less”, i.e. being hungry forever. That’s dieting for masochists. Sooner or later a normal person gives up and eats, hence the prevalence of “yo-yo dieting”.

The main advantage of low carb diets is that they cause you to want to eat less. Even without counting calories most overweight people eat far fewer calories on low carb. Sugar and starch may increase your hunger, avoiding it may decrease your appetite to an adequate level. If your body wants to eat a suitable number of calories you don’t need to bother counting them. Thus: Calories count, but you don’t need to count them.

A 2012 study also showed that people on a low carb diet burned 300 more calories a day – while resting! According to one of the Harvard professors behind the study this advantage “would equal the number of calories typically burned in an hour of moderate-intensity physical activity”. Imagine that: an entire bonus hour of exercise every day, without actually doing it.

Bottom line: A low carb diet reduces your hunger and makes it easier to eat less. And it might even increase your fat burning at rest. Study after study show that low carb is the smart way to lose weight and that it improves important health markers.

How to do it: LCHF for beginners

Inspiration: Weight loss stories on low carb


2. Eat When Hungry

Don’t be hungry. The most common mistake when starting a low carb diet: Reducing carb intake while still being afraid of fat. The problem is that carbs and fat are the body’s two main energy sources. It needs at least one.
Butter and olive oil
Low carb AND low fat = starvation

Avoiding both carbs and fat results in hunger, cravings and fatigue. Sooner or later people can’t stand it and give up. The solution is to eat more natural fat until you feel satisfied. For example:

  • Butter
  • Full-fat cream
  • Olive oil
  • Meat (including the fat)
  • Fatty fish
  • Bacon
  • Eggs
  • Coconut oil, etc.

Always eat enough, so that you feel satisfied, especially in the beginning of the weight-loss process. Doing this on a low carb diet means that the fat you eat will be burned as fuel by your body, as your levels of the fat storing hormone insulin will be lowered. You’ll become a fat burning machine. You’ll lose excess weight without hunger.

Do you still fear saturated fat? Don’t. The fear of saturated fat is based on obsolete theories that have been proven incorrect by modern science. Butter is fine food. However, feel free to eat mostly unsaturated fat (e.g. olive oil, avocado, fatty fish) if you prefer. This could be called a Mediterranean low carb diet and works great too.

Eating when hungry also implies something else: If you’re not hungry you probably don’t need to eat yet. When on a LCHF diet you can trust your feelings of hunger and satiety again. Feel free to eat the number of times per day that works best for you.

Some people eat three times a day and occasionally snack in between (note that frequent snacking could mean that you’d benefit from adding fat to your meals, to increase satiety). Some people only eat once or twice a day and never snack. Whatever works for you. Just eat when you’re hungry.


3. Eat Real Food

Another common mistake when eating a low carb diet is getting fooled by the creative marketing of special “low carb” products. Remember:  An effective low carb diet for weight loss should be based on real food, like this:

Real LCHF food

Real food is what humans have been eating for thousands or (even better) millions of years, e.g. meat, fish, vegetables, eggs, butter, olive oil, nuts etc.

If you want to lose weight you’d better avoid special “low carb” products that are full of carbs. This should be obvious but creative marketers are doing all they can to fool you (and get your money). They will tell you that you can eat cookies, pasta, ice cream, bread and plenty of chocolate on a low carb diet, as long as you buy their brand. They’re full of it. Don’t be fooled.

Here are three examples of what to avoid:

Fake low carb products

  1. Atkins’ Fairy Tale Cookies
  2. Julian Bakery’s High Carb Low Carb Bread
  3. The Dreamfields Pasta Fraud

These three companies are not unique. There are thousands of similar companies trying to trick you into buying their “low carb” junk food, full of starch, sugar alcohols, flour, sweeteners and strange additives. Two simple rules to avoid this junk:

  • Don’t eat “low carb” versions of high carb stuff, like cookies, bars, chocolate, bread, pasta or ice cream – unless you are SURE of the ingredients (perhaps by making it yourself).
  • Avoid products with the words “net carbs” on them. That’s usually just a way to fool you.

Focus on eating good quality, minimally processed real food. Ideally the food you buy shouldn’t even have a list of ingredients (or it should be very short).


4. Measure Your Progress Wisely

Tracking successful weight loss is sometimes trickier than you think. Focusing only on weight and standing on the scale every day might be misleading, cause unnecessary anxiety and undermine your motivation for no good reason.

The scale is not necessarily your friend. You may want to lose fat – but the scale measures muscles, bone and internal organs as well. Gaining muscle is a good thing. Thus weight or BMI are imperfect ways to measure your progress. This is especially true if you’re just coming off a long period of semi-starvation (calorie counting), as your body may want to restore lost muscles etc. Starting weight training and gaining muscle can also hide your fat loss.

Losing fat and gaining muscles is great progress, but you may miss it if you only measure your weight. Thus it’s smart to also track the disappearance of your belly fat, by measuring your waist circumference.

Waist circumference

Here’s how to do it:

  1. Put the measuring tape around your middle, like in the picture above, slightly above your belly button (to be exact: at the midpoint between your lowest rib and the top of your hipbone, at your side).
  2. Exhale and relax (don’t suck in your stomach).
  3. Make sure the measuring tape is snug, without compressing your skin.
  4. Measure

Compare your result to these recommendations:


I recommend aiming for “excellent” but it’s not always realistic. Young people can usually achieve it, but for some middle-aged or older women it may be a major victory to get all the way to “decent”.

Measuring progress

I suggest measuring your waist circumference and weight before starting and then perhaps once a week or once a month. Write the results down so that you can track your progress. If you want you can measure more areas: around the buttocks, the chest, the arms, legs, etc.

Note that your weight can fluctuate up and down several pounds from day to day, depending on fluid balance and stomach contents: Don’t worry about short term changes, instead follow the long-term trend.

If you can, try to check other important health markers when starting out, like these:

  • Blood pressure
  • Blood sugar (fasting blood glucose and/or HbA1c)
  • Cholesterol profile (including HDL, triglycerides)

These markers are almost universally improved on a low carb diet, even before major weight loss. Re-checking these health markers after a few months can be great for your motivation as they’ll usually show that you’re not just losing weight, you’re gaining health too.

PS: Don’t have a measuring tape at home? Try these options:

  • Use any piece of string. Wrap the string around your waist and clip off the extra on day one. This string could magically appear to become longer and longer every week you wrap it around your waist. 
  • Comparing how an old pair of jeans fit is also a decent option.


5. Be Patient


It usually takes years or decades to gain a lot of weight. Trying to lose it all as quickly as possible by starving yourself rarely works well long-term, that’s just the recipe for “yo-yo dieting”. To succeed you need something that works long term.

What to aim for

It’s common to lose 2-6 pounds (1-3 kg) within the first week on a strict low carb diet, and then on average about one pound (0.5 kg) per week as long as you have a lot of weight remaining to loseThis translates into about 50 pounds (25 kilos) per year.

Every 5 pounds of fat loss roughly equals 1 inch lost around the waist (1 kilo = 1 cm).

Young males sometimes lose weight quicker than this, perhaps twice as fast. Post-menopausal women may lose it at a slightly slower pace. People eating a very strict low carb diet may lose weight quicker, as well as those who exercise a lot (a bonus). And if you have an enormous amount of excess weight to lose you could start out much faster.

As you get closer to your ideal weight the loss slows, until you stabilize at a weight that your body feels is right. Hardly anyone gets underweight on a low carb diet – as long as they eat when hungry.

Examples: Weight loss stories.

Initial stalls

Are you coming off a period of semi-starvation (calorie counting)? Focus on your waist circumference and health markers (see advice #4) at first as it sometimes takes several weeks before weight loss is apparent.

Weight loss plateaus

Expect weight loss plateaus: Days or weeks where nothing seems to happen on the scale. Everybody gets them. Stay calm. Keep doing what you’re doing and eventually things will start happening again (if not, check the other 16 tips).

How to lose weight forever

Losing a lot of weight long-term and keeping it off forever won’t happen unless you change your habits forever. If you lose weight and then return to living exactly the way did when you gained weight, don’t be surprised when the excess weight returns. It will.

Maintaining weight loss requires long-term change and patience. If this doesn’t seem possible for you, then you’re perhaps more interested in one of these magical diet scams.

Forget quick fixes: If you lose some weight every month, eventually you’ll get rid of all your excess weight. That’s inevitable progress. That’s what you want.

PS: Long-term change is only hard in the beginning, especially during the first couple of weeks. It’s like quitting smoking. Once you develop new habits it becomes easier and easier every week. Eventually it comes naturally.

How to lose weight faster

Keep reading these tips!


6. Women: Avoid Eating Fruit

FruitThis is a tip that goes for men as well, of course, but eating fruit is a more common obstacle for women trying to lose weight.

This advice is controversial as fruit has an almost magical health aura today. People may believe that fruit is nutritious but unfortunately fruit contains a lot of sugar – around 10% by weight (the rest is mostly water). Just taste an orange or a grape. Sweet, right?

Five servings of fruit per day is equivalent to the amount of sugar in 16 ounces of soda (500 ml). Contrary to what many people believe the sugar is more or less identical (about 50% glucose, 50% fructose).

Sugar from fruit can shut down fat burning. This can increase your hunger and slow your weight loss. For best results avoid fruit – or enjoy it occasionally as a treat.

Bottom line: Fruit is candy from nature.


Get rid of your beer belly

7. Men: Avoid Drinking Beer

This applies to women too, but men drink more beer on average. Beer contains rapidly digested carbs that shut down fat burning. That’s why beer is sometimes referred to as “liquid bread”. There’s a good reason for the term “beer belly.”

Here are smarter alcoholic options for losing weight:

  • Wine (red or dry white)
  • Dry champagne
  • Pure spirits like whiskey, cognac, vodka (avoid sweetened cocktails – try vodka, soda, lime instead)

These drinks hardly contain any sugar/carbohydrates so they’re better than beer. However, large amounts of alcohol might slow weight loss somewhat, so moderation is still a good idea.


8. Avoid Artificial Sweeteners

Artificial sweeteners and weight loss

Many people replace sugar with artificial sweeteners in the belief that this will reduce their calorie intake and cause weight loss. It sounds plausible. Several studies, however, have failed to show any positive effect on weight loss by consuming artificial sweeteners instead of plain sugar.

Instead, according to scientific studies, artificial sweeteners can increase appetite and maintain cravings for sweet food.

This could be because the body increases insulin secretion in anticipation that the sugar will appear in the blood. When this doesn’t happen, blood sugar drops and hunger increases. Whether this chain of events regularly take place is somewhat unclear. Something odd happened when I tested Pepsi Max though, and there are well-designed studies showing increased insulin when using artificial sweeteners.

Furthermore, artificial sweeteners can maintain an addiction to sweets and lead to snack cravings. And the long term effects of consuming artificial sweeteners are unknown.

By the way, Stevia is marketed as a natural alternative to artificial sweeteners. That’s marketing talk. There is nothing natural about a processed super-sweet white powder like Stevia.

If you’re having trouble losing weight I suggest that you completely avoid sweeteners. As a bonus you’ll soon start to enjoy the natural sweetness of real food, once you’re no longer adapted to the overpowering artificial sweetness of junk food and “diet” sodas.


9. Review Any Medications

Many prescription drugs can stall your weight loss. Discuss any change in treatment with your doctor. Here are the worst three:

  • Insulin injections, especially at higher doses,are probably the worst obstacle for weight loss. There are three ways to reduce your need for insulin:
    A. Eat less carbs, which makes it a easier to lose weight. The less carbs you eat the less insulin you need. Remember to lower your doses if you can.
    B. If this isn’t enough, treatment with Metformin tablets (at a dose of 2 grams – 3 grams/day) can decrease the need for insulin (at least for type 2 diabetics).
    C. If this is not enough to get off insulin (again, for type 2 diabetics) you could try newer promising drugs like Victoza or Byetta. These reduce the need for insulin and cause weight loss.
  • Medications and weight lossOther diabetes medications. Insulin-releasing tablets (e.g. sulphonylureas) often lead to weight gain. These include: Minodiab, Euglucon, Daonil, and Glibenclamide. Tablets like Avandia, Actos, Starlix and NovoNorm also encourage weight gain. But not Metformin. The newer drugs Victoza and Byetta (injectable) often lead to weight loss, but possible long-term side effects are still unknown. More on diabetes
  • Cortisone as an oral drug is another common culprit (e.g. Prednisolone). Cortisone often causes weight gain in the long run, especially at higher doses (e.g. more than 5 mg Prednisolone per day). Unfortunately cortisone is often an essential medicine for those who are prescribed it, but the dose should be adjusted frequently so you don’t take more than you need.Asthma inhalers and other local cortisone treatments, like creams or nose sprays, hardly affect weight.

These other medications can also cause problems:

  • Neuroleptics/antipsychotic drugs, can often encourage weight gain. Especially newer drugs like Zyprexa (Olanzapine).
  • Some antidepressant medications can cause weight gain, especially the older tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) such as Tryptizol, Saroten, and Clomipramine; as well as newer drugs such as Remeron (Mirtazapine). Lithium (for manic-depressive disorder) often leads to weight gain. The most common antidepressants known as SSRI’s (for example Citalopram and Sertraline) usually don’t impact weight significantly. More on depression
  • Some contraceptives often contribute to slight weight gain, especially those that contain only progesterone and no estrogen, for example the mini-pill, the contraceptive injection, or a contraceptive implant. More on fertility
  • Blood pressure medicine, in the form of beta blockers can cause weight gain. These drugs include: Seloken, Metoprolol and Atenolol. More on high blood pressure
  • Epilepsy drugs may cause weight gain (e.g. Carbamazepine and Valproate).
  • Allergy medicines called antihistamines can cause weight gain, especially at high doses. Cortisone is even worse (see above). More on allergies
  • Antibiotics can possibly lead to a temporary weight gain by disturbing the gut microbiota and increasing the amount of energy we absorb from food. This is still speculative for humans but it’s another reason not to use antibiotics unless you truly need it.


10. Stress less, sleep more


Have you ever wished for more hours of sleep, and a less stressful life in general? Most people have – and that can be bad news for their weight.

Chronic stress may increase levels of stress hormones such as cortisol in your body. This can cause increased hunger and result in weight gain. If you’re looking to lose weight, you should review possible ways to decrease or better handle excessive stress in your life. Although this often demands substantial changes, even altering small things – such as posture – may immediately affect your stress hormone levels, and perhaps your weight.

You should also make an effort to get enough good sleep, preferably every night. Strive to wake up refreshed of your own accord, independently of the alarm clock. If you’re the kind of person who always gets brutally woken up by the alarm ringing, you might never be giving your body adequate rest.

One way to combat this is to go to bed early enough for your body to wake up autonomously before the alarm clock goes off. Letting yourself get a good night’s sleep is another way of reducing stress hormone levels.

Sleep deprivation, on the other hand, comes hand in hand with sugar cravings. It also has an adverse effect on self-discipline and makes it painfully easy to give in to temptation (it’s no coincidence that induced sleep deprivation is a common interrogation technique). Similarly, sleep deprivation weakens your resolve to work out.

Sleep issues?

Do you have trouble sleeping even if there’s ample time for it? Here are five tips from an expert:


  1. Stick to a certain bedtime every evening. In the long term, this will help the body prepare for sleep at that time.
  2. No coffee after 2 pm. Just don’t – and remember that it takes time for caffeine to leave the body.
  3. Limit your alcohol intake three hours before bedtime. While booze might make you woozy, it worsens the quality of sleep.
  4. Limit exercise in the four hours before bedtime. Physical activity can perk you up and make it difficult to get to sleep for several hours afterwards.
  5. Get 15 minutes of sunlight every day. This is good for your circadian rhythm (your “body clock”).

Finally, make sure that your bedroom is dark enough, and stays at a pleasant temperature. Sleep well!

Difficult, but worthwhile

Many may find the above guidelines difficult to follow, perhaps because of a lack of time (or the equivalent – small children!). But stressing less and sleeping more doesn’t just feel good. It can also play a part in helping you get thinner.


11. Eat less dairy products and nuts


Can one eat as much as one likes, and still lose weight? Yes, it tends to work just fine with a low-carbohydrate diet, as appetite regulation happens effortlessly.

However, despite the fact that a low-carbohydrate diet generally makes it easy to eat just enough, there are foods classified as low carb which become a problem in larger quantities. If you find yourself having a hard time losing weight on a low carb diet, you could try to be more careful with:

  • Dairy products (yoghurt, cream, cheese)
  • Nuts

Dairy products all contain a varying amount of lactose (the milk sugar), which slows down weight loss. What’s more, part of the protein in milk generates a significant insulin response, which can have the same effect. Consequently, cutting back on dairy products may accelerate weight loss. This applies especially to dairy products typically lacking in fat, such as regular milk and different yoghurts, but be careful with full-fat dairy such as cream and cheese all the same. And don’t forget whey protein powder, which is pure milk protein.

Exempt from all these dairy product warnings is butter, which is almost pure fat. Butter may be consumed liberally as desired.

Nuts, which are the second food to watch, contain a fair amount of carbohydrate, and it’s very easy to unwittingly scarf down large quantities. Cashew nuts are among the worst carb-wise – you’ll find that they contain around 20% carbohydrate by weight. For someone following a strict LCHF diet with a 20 grams of carbs per day allowance, this means that consuming 100 grams (which happens in a flash!) will have filled their daily quota. Peanuts tend to be around 10-15% carbohydrate – not putting them in the clear either.

So, for those of you having trouble losing weight: use nuts sparingly. When in a situation where nuts are an absolute must, know that the most harmless ones carb-wise are macadamia nuts (usually around 5% carbs), or Brazil nuts (around 3%).


12. Supplement vitamins and minerals


Your body needs a certain amount of essential vitamins and minerals to function properly. What happens when you don’t get enough of them? What happens when you eat too little food, or when the food you eat isn’t sufficiently nutritious? Perhaps our bodies catch on and reply by increasing hunger levels. After all – if we eat more, we increase the chances of consuming enough of whatever nutrient we are lacking.

On the other hand, reliable access to vitamins and minerals could perhaps mean decreased hunger levels and decreased cravings, thereby promoting weight loss.

The above is, of course, speculation. But now there are well-performed studies which suggest it might not be far from the truth.

Vitamin D

A lack of vitamin D is probably the most common deficiency in northern countries such as Canada, or most of the US. Three recent studies indicate that, when compared to a placebo, a vitamin D supplement can decrease your fat weight or waist measurement [1 2 3].

In one of the studies, 77 overweight or obese women received either a supplement of 1000 units of vitamin D, or a placebo, every day for 3 months. Those who took the vitamin D supplement decreased their body fat by 2,7 kg (6 pounds) – significantly more than the placebo group, who hardly decreased their fat weight at all.


A study from 2010 involved around a hundred women with weight issues, separating them into three groups. One group received a daily multivitamin supplement, the other a daily calcium supplement, and the last group only a placebo. The study carried on for half a year.

Unsurprisingly, the results showed that nothing had happened to the weight of the women receiving calcium or the placebo. However, the group which took the multivitamin lost more weight – about 3 kg more – and improved their health markers. Among other things, their basal metabolic rate (the rate at which the body burns calories when at rest) increased.

Furthermore, another earlier study found that subjects decreased hunger levels by taking multivitamin supplements during starvation diets, compared to a placebo.


Nutrient-dense, good food is certainly the foundation of weight loss. But an adequate amount of vitamin D can be difficult to ingest via food. In the case of a lack of sun (such as during the darker months of autumn and winter), it’s wise to supplement for multiple health reasons – and perhaps even for your weight.

If you’re overweight and not entirely sure that your diet provides enough nutrients, it may be worthwhile to take a multivitamin pill. Unfortunately, they still contain only minimal doses of vitamin D, so you need both for the full effect.


13. Exercise smart


Do you wonder why this weight-loss tip doesn’t show up until number 13 on the list? It’s because few things are so overrated for weight loss as exercise is.

Have you ever watched “The Biggest Loser”? The participants take leave from their jobs (and family) for months. They are allowed only small portions of food, and work out as though it was their full-time job – 40 hours a week, sometimes more. This method is clearly unsustainable for your average person in the long run.

Just taking the stairs instead of the elevator, or getting off the bus one stop earlier, isn’t going to change the numbers on your bathroom scales. It’s a myth. Sorry about that. Studies show that if you just start exercising, you’re going to need at least one hour of tough workouts every single day to noticeably lose weight.

Basically, the effect of exercise on our weight is vastly overrated. That’s why it’s only number 13 on this list. There are other things you need to take care of first. It’s not a good idea to eat bad food, drink sugar water (so-called “sports drinks”) or be on medications which force you to train for hours daily just to compensate. Metaphorically that’s like digging a hole, into which you put your ladder, on which you stand and paint the ground level windows of your house.

Exercise cannot compensate for other issues in your life. Those must be addressed first.

The good news

If, on the other hand, you’ve already taken care of steps 1-12, you should have a rested and recharged body which is already happily burning fat. In this case, increased activity will accelerate your weight loss, and act as an nice bonus. You’ll be burning even more fat from the very first step.

For example, you could take long walks (golf), cycle, dance, or play any sport you’re happy and comfortable with.

Exercise also burns the body’s glycogen stores, which are essentially carbohydrate. This means that after a workout, you can eat a little more carbs than you otherwise can permit yourself, without negative effects on insulin or fat storage. Also, don’t forget that the non-weight-related health effects of exercise are quite impressive.

Hormonal effects

For even more impressive effects on body composition: aim for exercise forms which elicit a positive hormonal response. This means lifting really heavy things (strength training), or interval training. Such exercise increases body levels of the sex hormone testosterone (primarily in men) as well as growth hormone. Not only do greater levels of these hormones increase your muscle mass, but they also decrease your visceral fat (belly fat) in the long term.

As a final bonus, exercise can both make you feel and look better.

What kind of activity suits you?


14. Achieve optimal ketosis

Warning: Not recommended for type 1 diabetics, see below.


We’ve now arrived at tip number 14. If you’re still having trouble losing weight, despite following the 13 pieces of advice listed above, it might be a good idea to bring out the heavy artillery: optimal ketosis. Many people stalling at weight plateaus while on a low carb diet have found optimal ketosis helpful. It’s what can melt the fat off once again.

So how does this work? A quick run-through: The first tip was to eat low carb. This is because a low-carb diet lowers your levels of the fat-storing hormone insulin, allowing your fat deposits to shrink and release their stored energy. This tends to cause you to want to consume less calories than you expend – without hunger – and lose weight. Several of the tips mentioned above are about fine-tuning your diet to better this effect.

How do you know you’re getting the maximum hormonal impact from your low-carb diet? You do that by achieving what’s known as “optimal ketosis”. 


Ketosis is a state at which the body has an extremely high fat-burning rate. Even the brain runs on fat, via ketone bodies. These are energy molecules in the blood (like blood sugar) which become fuel for our brains after being converted from fat by the liver.

To encourage ketone production, the amount of insulin in your bloodstream must be low. The lower your insulin, the higher your ketone production. And when you have a well-controlled, sufficiently large amount of ketones in your blood, it’s basically proof that your insulin is very low – and therefore, that you’re enjoying the maximum effect of your low-carbohydrate diet. That’s what’s called optimal ketosis.

Measuring ketones

Today, there are reasonably-priced gadgets available for measuring ketone levels at home. One needle prick of the finger, and in just a few seconds you’ll know your blood ketone level.

Blood ketones are best measured on a fasted stomach in the morning (before breakfast, that is). Here are a few pointers on how to interpret the result:

  • Below 0.5 mmol/L is not considered “ketosis”. At this level, you’re far away from maximum fat-burning.
  • Between 0.5-1.5 mmol/L is light nutritional ketosis. You’ll be getting a good effect on your weight, but not optimal.
  • Around 1.5 – 3 mmol/L is what’s called optimal ketosis and is recommended for maximum weight loss.
  • Values of over 3 mmol/L aren’t neccessary. That is, they will achieve neither better nor worse results than being at the 1.5-3 level. Higher values can also sometimes mean that you’re not getting enough food. For type 1 diabetics, it can be caused by a severe lack of insulin, see below.

Ketones in urine

Ketone levels can also be measured in a more old-fashioned way, with urine test sticks (sold prescription-free in pharmacies or on Amazon). Ketone sticks give less reliable results for several reasons, and the above recommendations can’t be straightforwardly applied to them. They are, however, much cheaper.

My personal experience

Feel free to read my accounts of a two-month personal trial:

  1. Experiment: Optimal ketosis for weight loss and increased performance
  2. Four weeks of strict LCHF and ketone monitoring
  3. Final report: Two months of strict LCHF and ketone monitoring

Although I was quite happy with my weight before these trials, they resulted in a further loss of 4.5kgs (10 pounds) and 7cm (3 inches) around my waist – without additional exercise or even the slightest resemblance of hunger.

How to achieve optimal ketosis

Many who firmly believe they are eating a strict low-carb diet are surprised when they measure their blood ketones. They may be at around only 0.2 or 0.5 – quite far off from the sweet spot! Why?

The trick here is not only to avoid all obvious sourced of carbohydrate (sweets, bread, spaghetti, rice, potatoes), but also to be careful with your protein intake. If you eat large amounts of meat, eggs and the like, the excess protein will converted into glucose in the body. Large amounts of protein can also raise your insulin levels somewhat. This compromises optimal ketosis.

The secret to getting around this is usually to eat your fill with more fat. For example, if you have a bigger helping of herb butter to your steak, you might not feel like having a second steak, and instead feel satisfied after the first one.

A popular trick people use to ingest more fat is “fat coffee” (sometimes called “Magic Bullet Coffee” or MBC). It involves adding one tablespoon of butter and one tablespoon of coconut oil to your (morning) coffee, and requires a food blender for the right texture.

More fat in your food will fill you up more. This will ensure you eat less protein, and even less carbohydrate. Your insulin will drop and, hopefully, you’ll be able to reach optimal ketosis. And that’s when many a stubborn weight plateau is overcome.

If it doesn’t work

Being in optimal ketosis for a prolonged period of time (say, a month) will ensure that you experience the maximal hormonal effect from eating a low-carb diet. If this doesn’t result in noticeable weight loss, you can be certain that too many carbs are NOT part of your weight issue and not the obstacle to your weight loss. There are, in fact, other causes of obesity and being overweight. The next three tips in this series might help you.

Try it

Order a ketone meter online and start measuring. There are a few different models, take a look at this one and this one.


Watch my video interview with the American doctor Peter Attia, on a strictly ketogenic low-carb diet: Very Low Carb Performance

A word of warning

If you have type 1 diabetes, you should not follow the above advice on optimal ketosis – it may be risky. If you have ketones in your blood at all, you must be sure that your blood sugar levels are normal. If they are, you’re in normal ketosis – just like the ketosis of healthy people who stick to a strict low carb diet.

High blood sugar levels coupled with high blood ketones, on the other hand, will mean that you have a pathologically low level of insulin – something non-diabetics do not suffer from. This can lead to ketoacidosis – a potentially life-threatening condition. If this happens, you’ll need to inject more insulin; if you’re at all unsure of what to do, contact a medical professional. Coveting really high blood ketones for weight control is not worth the risk for type 1 diabetics.


15. Get Your Hormones Checked


So you’ve followed the previous tips, implemented major lifestyle changes and established that neither medication nor vitamin deficiency is an issue. You’ve even tried being in optimal ketosis for a while (ensuring low insulin levels). And you still can’t hit the normal weight mark?

If this applies to you, it’s high time to consider the possibility that hormonal imbalances are the cause of your troubles. There are three common problem areas:

  1. Thyroid hormone
  2. Sex hormones
  3. Stress hormones

Thyroid hormone

Some people, especially women, suffer decreased metabolism as a result of thyroid hormone deficiency – hypothyroidism. Common symptoms are:

  • Fatigue
  • Cold intolerance
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain

In these cases, weight gain resulting from decreased metabolism usually do not exceed fifteen pounds.

Your doctor can easily arrange for you to take a blood test to measure the concentration of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). If the test comes back and everything looks good, your thyroid gland is probably fine. For a more exact diagnosis, you can ask them to measure the actual levels of thyroid hormone in the blood (T3 and T4).

Two ways to avoid becoming deficient in thyroid hormone:

  1. Make sure you consume enough iodine, which is a building block of thyroid hormone. Good sources are fish, shellfish and iodised salt (or sea salt).
  2. Very low levels of thyroid hormone usually indicate an autoimmune reaction to the thyroid gland itself. This means you’ll have to take thyroid hormone supplements orally, usually the stable form T4 (Levaxin), which your doctor can prescribe for you. Your body will transform this into the active T3 hormone when necessary. The supplement dose should be adjusted so that you reach normal hormone levels (TSH, T3, T4) and sufficiently alleviate symptoms – though a few people feel best when keeping TSH slightly below normal.

Some people feel better supplementing the already active T3 (sometimes prepared from pig thyroid glands), as it can give a stronger effect than the T4 hormone, but its effect is often harder to control. Swedish healthcare rarely prescribes or offers such T3 treatment, as it often lacks advantages and may pose a risk when doses are high for an extended period of time.

“Hypothyroidism Type 2″

Some alternative health coaches will diagnose you with the condition “hypothyroidism type 2″ if you’re experiencing symptoms of fatigue etc., despite normal blood levels of thyroid hormones, and will recommend supplementation anyway. Be skeptical of this. You’ll likely end up trying to mask other health issues (i.e. the real causes of your symptoms) by slathering your system with overdoses of thyroid hormone.

Of course, some people will certainly feel more lively and alert (at least in the short term) running on an overdose of thyroid hormone. On the other hand, many people feel more lively and energetic when using amphetamine, too. That doesn’t mean their fatigue was caused by a lack of amphetamine!

Sex hormones

Sex hormones also affect your weight:

Women: Women can suffer from the endocrine disorder PCOS – polycystic ovarian syndrome – which elevates testosterone and insulin levels. This can mean weight gain and menstrual disorders (very common), infertility, acne and male pattern hair growth (such as facial hair). A low-carbohydrate diet is a good treatment for this. More on PCOS.

During menopause, a woman’s level of the female sex hormone estrogen drops. This often causes some weight gain, especially around the gut (so-called central obesity). Any excess weight gained after menopause will tend to be less femininely proportioned, less curvy.

Men: From middle age and onwards, men experience gradually declining levels of the male sex hormone testosterone. This leads to slight weight gain, also typically around the gut, and decreased muscle mass.

What can you do about sex hormones?

Testosterone deficiency can be at least partially treated naturally by engaging in smart exercise routines, conscious body language and supplementing vitamin D.

Of course, you can also affect testosterone levels by getting your doctor to prescribe a testosterone supplement (a blood test will confirm any deficiency). Women can use estrogen supplementation for climacteric problems.

It’s important you take into account, however, that supplementation of testosterone or estrogen for years on end, in doses that are abnormally large for your age, will increase the risk of prostate cancer (in men) and breast cancer (in women).

It may be wise to accept that you don’t (and shouldn’t!) have the body of a 20-year-old when you’re several times that age. A better option might be to try and focus on a healthy lifestyle instead, and to be as happy and grateful as you can for the body you have.

Stress hormone

The final possible culprit behind stubborn weight issues may be the stress hormone, cortisol. Too much cortisol will increase hunger levels, bringing along subsequent weight gain. The most common cause of elevated cortisol is chronic stress and lack of sleep (see tip #10), or cortisone medication (tip #9). It’s a good idea to try your utmost to do something about this.

In rare and extreme cases, you could be dealing with a specific kind of tumour that drives cortisol production. The condition is called Cushing’s syndrome. If you suspect you’re suffering from this, consult your doctor and they will run the appropriate tests.


16 – 17. Coming Soon

These tips will be posted soon.

While you wait, feel free to check out my best blog posts on weight loss.

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  1. Petra

    I just started HFLC and been on it for one week. I feel nauseous today. Can you follow this high fat diet when you had your gall bladder removed?

  2. Erica

    This is the way I understand it: Your gall bladder is your storage vessel for bile (which is made by the liver). Bile is used by the body to help digest fat. If you don't have a vessel to store bile, it just trickles out of the liver, slowly, as it's produced. Therefore, if you suddenly eat a whole bunch of fat, like during a meal, you don't have the ability of a normal person to eject the roughly 2 oz. of bile into the stomach to help emulsify the fat, which means you don't digest (or absorb) most of it, and you can get loose stools, or other side effect symptoms. I have heard that nausea can be one of those side effects. It might help to spread out your fat consumption throughout the day. Like a quarter teaspoon of coconut oil every half hour... or some concept like that, hopefully not that extreme. Good luck.

  3. Petra
    Thanks! I really appreciate this blog! Its so nice to be connected with people going through the same life change! I feel better already! No weight loss yet! but hoping it will happen soon! As well as a new energy level!
  4. Michelle
    I am starting this diet what are some good snack foods. and meals for on the go ? and eating some carbs is that ok? if so how you detmind how much carbs a day that are good.
  5. Zepp
    Well.. if one is obese and need to lose weight one should try to avoid snacking and unplaned meals!

    Thats more about to get a good relation to food and eating, and is comon to any diet plan.

    LCHF/Atkins/Low carb, is about to make your body to a fat burning machine.. ie to make your body able to living on your body fat for exstended periods.

    And its about to eat less carbs, perticuly those from sugar and refined carbs.

    Take your carbs from veggies and dairys.

    You must try it out by your self, hove little carbs you can eat.. and replace those calories with calories from fat.

    If you need a book try Atkins.. same same.. other wrighter!

    Or if you is curius about wish book started the avalange in Sweden.. take a look att this.. now in english!

  6. MacTavish
    This is great stuff! I used to struggle with my weight until I started reading blogs. Although I am not finished, I hope to have an awesome success story like you! For those wondering, the blog that helped me most was: Really motivating!
  7. Happy New Year!

    Just following up to my own thread from 1 month ago. I am now 9 weeks into my LCHF eating plan and I still have yet to lose any weight or inches from my belt line.

    I continue to eat virtually carb free. There is a fantastic bread I've found here in Switzerland called "Protein Brot" it has 7g carbs per 100 g, lots of seeds on the crust and has amazing taste. I can confirm that the glycemic index is low as I only need 1 or 2 units of insulin to work on the carbs when I eat this with my breakfast. This is usually all I eat for carbs in a day (7g or less).

    Besides no weight loss, I maintain nice level blood glucose results. As a type 1 diabetic, I enjoy the nice steady sugars. I am eating a lot less than ever before and my insulin sensitivity is much better. As I use an insulin pump, there is rarely any saturation in my infusion sites because I never have to bolus heavily (pumpspeak for those who pump).

    Eggs, butter, cheese, nuts, more butter, coffee cream, creme fraiche, bacon, small amount of peanut butter, free range chicken with skin, ground beef, fatter cuts of beef occasionally, lots of fresh leafy and cabbagey vegetables, and many glasses of water round out my basic list of food overall. I do not overeat. I average 2 meals per day. I drink about 1 glass of red wine 3 times a week, no beer.

    I feel like I am doing everything right and can't see me stopping what I'm doing because I have good energy, no weight gain, little hunger. However, I wish I could lose 20 pounds (currently 90 kg, 177.5 cm, Eastern European descent, goal of 81.5 kg). Hopefully as soon as spring comes around, my activity level will increase and my winter layer will begin to shed.

    The point of this post is to share my experience and to aid others experimenting with this eating plan. I would appreciate anybody's insight on how I can improve what I am doing to kickstart some weight loss while not sacrificing my quality of life.

    Thanks and regards.

    Reply: #62
  8. Pauline, I'm 61 and have the same problem. Although I just read to stay away from fruit. I was having about 1/2 cup of berries at night with cream. I just read on another post about too much protein, so with your post as well, I'm assuming it has to be the protien. I've been around 20 grams of carbs, but not losing ...well down 4 up 2, down 3 up 1. So it's very frustrating. I'm going to do the conversion on google, then I think I might get the ketone strips. Thanks for the post.
  9. Cathy, can't find your FB page. do you have a link?
  10. Machelle
    Hello all, I see that there are a lot of you with plenty of experience here on low carbs and I was hoping that someone could help me out with a question/concern. I have been on low carbs/atkins in the past and it is the only diet or "way of eating" that I find helps me to lose weight without starving. I love that way of eating and want to return to it but I had a major problem the last time I went on it. I started having major pain when urinating. I went to my doctor and they said it was from the low carb/high ketone producing diet. They said it is a hard diet on your kidneys because they have to process the ketones. Have any of you had this problem and if so, what did you do? Is the diet truly hard on your kidneys and if you say that it is not, then why did I get such excruitiating pain? Oh, and this happened to me twice. I went back on it about a year ago and within 3 weeks to a month, the same pain came back. As soon as I added in more carbs, the pain went away. I was assuming that I went out of ketosis when the pain disappeared. I really believe what you all say and what I read about low carb/paleo diets is true, but how do I get it to work for me without damaging my kidneys and causing pain? Please help! Thank you so much!!
  11. Zepp

    Totaly rubbish I say!

    " This study provides preliminary evidence that long-term weight loss with a very-low-carbohydrate diet does not adversely affect renal function compared with a high-carbohydrate diet in obese individuals with normal renal function."

    So its a bad conclusion!

    But you shouldnt give up that easy.. if you have this pain, there is somthing thats wrong.. mayby LCHF do make the symptoms get worse?

    Make him do an real examination or go to another doctor.. or to a real urolog!

    And whats typical for kidneys and LCHF?

    One often pee a lot more, not that its more to excret, its becuse insulin make the kidney to resorb more water.. probably becuse its needed for making glycogen!

    You can have kidney stones or other things that affects by more peeing?

  12. Jane2
    When you don't lose weight, try to eat in only between certain hours, say 5 or six hours a day, or less, if you can manage. Before and after that no more eating. It is called: Fast5.
    Reply: #68
  13. Joleen
    can someone please tell me what portion sizes I should be eating of protein?
  14. Zepp
    Minimum 1 gram/Kg a day over a longer period!

    More if you are an active and training person.. upp to 2 gram/Kg.

  15. Petra
    How do you deal with bad breath cause by LCHF? does it last for a long time??
  16. Zepp
    Congratulations.. you are in Ketosis!

    If its not Dragon breath?

    "No More Ketobreath!"

  17. Petra
    Thanks for the quick response. I looked at the website you sent and calculated how much protein and fat I should consume for weight loss and my question is, do i calculate fat intake that is in the protien as well for the recommended amount of fat for the day, or does fat intake literally mean butter, oil, mayo, cream without the fat in the protein itself?
    Reply: #69
  18. When you don't lose weight, try to eat in only between certain hours, say 5 or six hours a day, or less, if you can manage. Before and after that no more eating. It is called: Fast5.

    Thanks for the advice Jane2. The problem with that method for me is that I have hunger in the morning, so I eat, but then I don't usually get hungry again until 5-6 pm.

    Reply: #70
  19. Zepp
    Its a program that let you play with numbers.. a teoretical one.. not the whole truth.. perticaly not your bodys numbers anyway!

    One count all the fats that one eat.

    Its somthing to think about.. not to eat as its the truth!

    One have to learn were the fat lurks!

    Egg.. 63E% fat.

    Bacon about 85E% fat.

  20. I am officially ending my LCHF journey. I started eating LCHF on October 26, 2012. After nearly 3 months I have had an interesting experience.

    - I lost zero weight;
    - I gained zero weight;
    - I reduced my Insulin usage by approx. 30% (I am type 1 diabetic with insulin pump);
    - I reduced my overall hypoglycemic AND hyperglycemic incidents;
    - I ate 9 pigs worth of bacon and 60 cows worth of full cream and butter;
    - I had little or no hunger or cravings;
    - I learned alot about how my body processes proteins.

    I confirmed my ketogenic state using Ketostix at random times.

    Although I am disappointed that I was not able to kick start any weight loss or reduce belt sizes I am always happpy to learn new things and share my experiences.

    I agree with many of the ideas that Dr. Eenfeldt continues to put forth. Being Canadian, I came from the culture of processed foods and 'reduced fat' theology. Luckily, I was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes at 12, otherwise, I don't doubt that I would be much larger than 7-8 Kgs over my ideal weight.

    Living in Switzerland now, we cook every meal and buy and eat fresh food daily. There are lots of natural fats around and other whole foods. I plan to continue eating 'reduced' carbs and more proteins with whatever fat that may occur. Along with exercise and lots of water and new knowledge gained through this experience I hope to continue creating my own good health.

    Good Luck to all.


    Reply: #71
  21. Zepp
    Do you know about Dr Bernstein?

    He is the best expert on T1 and lowcarb!

    Many Swedish T1 say they learn a lot from him, and they have altso strugle a lot to make it work!

    What I know, the major concern for T1 is glycemic control, to avoid future sicknes.. and T1 often can eat more carbs then T2.

    Reply: #72
  22. I know a little about Dr. Bernstein.

    When you say "Many Swedish T1 say they learn a lot from him, and they have altso strugle a lot to make it work!" Do you mean other T1 have struggled to make LCHF work?

    Thanks for the link!


  23. Zepp
    They have to strugle to find the new balance!

    Some have eating low carb a year befor they lose any weight.

    You know.. first they think that, the less carbs the better.. but thats not always truth.. mayby its truth for T2?

    What I do understand its more importen to manage the dayly blood sugar.. to be stedy and even over 24 hours?

    And this is managed with that ones body do use more fat as fuel.. one dont realy need to be in a verry high ketosis state.

    You must make a differens betwen T1 and lowcarb and T2 and to lose weight, the two last is probably the same agenda?

    T1 is a severe condition that one dosent revert, one can only make the body less dependant of insulin.

    And I read that they strugle a lot and test, test and test again.. over a long period, so they avoid hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia and acidos!

    And over a longer period there bodys do adapt to use more fat as fule.. and then its time to test again becuse then its another situation again.

  24. Zepp,

    It's true, level blood glucose is the end goal...staying in a nice 'normal' range. I have just purchased Dr. Bernstein's book and I will take what I've learned here and apply it to what I learn there.

    I can't seem to stop eating low carb so easily either. Carbs are just not so inviting to eat anymore.

    I found this great video while doing some research last night by American cardiologist:


  25. Zepp
    I found a video with Dr Bernstein!

  26. Thanks Zepp. Dr. Bernstein is definitely an interesting person to me now.


  27. Hello! I'm sitting here browsing your blog and I like it very much, and I really like reading your posts. I really like how it appears, and look forward to more of your posts!
  28. Suzanne
    To Anyone who can help answer my questions:

    What about the menstrual cycle? I tried LCModerateF a few months ago - in the form of IF(eating 1x day), and it threw my cycle off... I got off of IF, put on 13 lbs (by eating higher carb vegetables), so went to LCHF, and find myself naturally falling in to IF(again, 1x day)... so far, my cycle is late again... I've never been late except for these times of IF.

    Is this normal?
    Do I even need to be concerned about it if I am satisfied with my eating (i.e, not hungry often and only eating when hungry and eating enough to feel satisfied)?

    I'm hoping that what is going on is like a body reset.

    Thanks in advance to anyone that can shed light on this topic!

    Reply: #79
  29. Zepp
    Yes.. its comon to lose the cycle when ones hormons is going crasy!

    Like in a starving diet, anorexia, and other things that affect ones homeostas!

    And if one goes hardcore LCHF.. and IF, then its a a big hormonial change!

    One can altso lose hair.. like in temporary hair loss!

    Let my put it in this way.. if one goes hardcore.. your body do get an glucose defiency.. and at first the body trys to risen the glucose levels in all means.. thats often don by stress hormones!

    This affect other biological mecanismes in your body.. they take a rest.. till that situation is over!

    And to that.. you must try to figure out if you get enough energy.

    Its comon that beginners lose there apetite.. or dont recognize it.

  30. Suzanne
    Well, I could add more to my story...

    I have been off of grains for quite some time now - probably at least a year... i haven't had any soda for probably 3 years now. I have done 4 rounds of the HCG diet - which has also reset my hypothalamus and helped me lose almost 50lbs (but NEVER made my cycle late, like it did some of my friends). So really, I have been low-carbing off and on for about 1.5 years now.

    I feel fine, I DO recognize when I am hungry vs when I am not. I have plenty of energy and I can go exercise 'spur-of-the-moment'.

    2 weeks ago, I started a modified Atkins Induction, but naturally fell into eating 1x day just within the last few days.

    I guess since I am feeling fine, there should be no cause for concern, and just let things happen as they will... just wondered if anyone else experienced similar, etc.


    oh, and I still have PLENTY of fat stored... so I doubt that I will go into glucose deficiency, yet :-D

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  32. I'm a big fan of measuring progress. I think there is a close link between measuring progress and patience. If you know how to measure progress accurately, not only by relying on scales but also using body measurements, it automatically cultivates patience. Whereas when people only rely on scales the results can be very frustrating due to natural weight fluctuations.
    Reply: #100
  33. Useful Article for Everyone. Learn lot from This thanks a lot. I always check out this website before buying any products in weight loss. My personal favorite is Pro Ana Diets. Because It's very simple but very powerful.
  34. Bixby
    I've been in LCHF for two weeks. Lost 6 pounds first week and nothing the second. The scale has not moved! What gives?
    Reply: #85
  35. Zepp
    Its comon to lose water the first weeks.

    Then.. after 2-3 weeks one uppregulate ones fatburning capacity.. and if one have excesses of fat one often get a lower apetite.. and the body use more of the stored fats.

    In the meantime the moste of the water comes back.. so the scale is not so good to measure this progress.. your pants are better.. if they get loser you have lost som weight.

  36. Jen
    I am new to this website and blog and am interested in trying LCHF. I have 2 questions:

    1. What's the easiest way to get started? I reading on the website you recommend going "cold turkey".

    2. Why are some people able to eat all the carbs they want and not gain weight?


  37. Zepp
    1. Eat real food.. only real food.. and cut out all the prepacked, preprepered junkfood!
    Cut out bread, sugar, sodas, candy, pasta, potatos, rise!

    And take the fatty meat/fish, fry in butter/coconut oli, sprinkel some oliv oil on your veggies!

    And the moste important.. eat 2-3 real home cooked meals a day!

    2. Healty peopel can eat a lot of carbs.. and sugar and junk, without being fat or sick.. at least till there middel age!

    Carbs is not bad per se, if one only get those from healty food a whole life they seldom get obese or sick.

    The happy message that we love to spread is.. that fat is not the problem.. its bad food and to much bad carbs like soda, sugar, HFCS, and so on!

    Some that alredy have dameged theres glucose metabolism have to cut out a lot of carbs the whole life.. like diabetics, metabolic syndrome, PCOs.. and so on!

    Reply: #88
  38. Jen
    Thank you for your quick response. I will definitely try cutting out the sugars, pasta and bread which seem to be what I crave the most. I do remember years ago after blood work having the symptoms of metabolic syndrome, but don't have problems with high cholesterol or blood pressure or any other health problems (so far anyway). And I have always had a "belly" my whole adult life..maybe not as big as it is now...

    Glad I found your website!

  39. The best drugs for obese people can be changing the lifestyle for better. No drugs need to be administering if your body becomes stronger and able to fix the metabolism. You can find details on internet site and blog . Company publishes not only theoretical study, but also practical recommendations for people who are not planning changes in the life, but looking for online help.

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  40. adam smith
    This is amazing app for diet plans and weight loss..

    These application contain hundreds of valuable tips and ideas about losing weight. Follow the recommendations and in no time you will see the results.

  41. Chris
    I've been following LCHF diet for a long time now, whenever is possible but i have a question.
    As a professional cyclist (i think it applies to most professional athletes) we are been
    advised to consume a lot of carbs (complex carbs and diary products) due to the long
    hours we spent on training. From my personal experience, when i don't consume carbs, i have
    less energy after few hours on a bike.
    Of course loosing weight is not my issue, just like to follow a more healthy diet.
    Is there anything to suggest to replace carbs for that purpose?
  42. Zepp
    Yes.. so it is, its nothing magic about it at all.

    For a sedentery person, they dont feel any differens, but if one is an athlet, you want to use both betaxoidation an glycolysis.. preferly at maximal rate!

    Then one use more glucose then one get from 20 gram and gluconeogenesis!

    Or rather one want to use more, and one want to have full intra muscular glycogen storages.

    But one want to have maximal betaoxidation too.. for conserving glycogen for extra hard work up in high VO2!

    Then one came in to a concept that is cald "Train low, compete high".

    Or other names like Targeted Ketogenic Diet!

    Our biathlet Olympic gold medalist Björn Ferry do use a similar approche, and Our Ironman champion Jonas Colting too.

    The thing is.. that if you is healty and use glucose in your training and competing, they are not bad per se, but one should take them from food that gives you nutrients too.. typical tubers are good for that.

    Its this amount of pasta loading that totaly wrong.. one dont need that much.. perticuly if one have a high betaoxidation capasity.

    I think that about 10E% carbs are apropriate for an athlet?

    You know.. there are limited place for storage of glycogen!

  43. I feel really nice reading these articles I mean there are writers that can write good material.
  44. Lila
    Can anybody tell me what they think of Xylotol a sweetner? I use it instead of sugar only for ocasional times. Is there anything bad about it? Is it natural or artifical? I have read great things about it, but I just want to be sure.
    Reply: #96
  45. Why users still make use of to read news papers when in
    this technological world the whole thing is existing
    on net?
  46. Zepp
    Its non toxic for humans, but not for pets, perticuly dogs.

  47. Great post doc! I will say this about exercise - it's aerobic exercise that doesn't do diddly for fat loss. But resistance training will definitely up the fat loss ante. It makes a pretty decent difference according to Dr. Wayne Westcott by as much as 300 cals a day. I know - calorie counting is not the issue - but a faster metabolism by the increase of lean mass will contribute. Something aerobic exercise cannot achieve.
  48. I wonder why the Dr don't advice as eat more fruits and instead to keep away fruits as one of the diet....??as my self I use fruits to loose my weight and still I do ths way...please Help
    I aet fruits as my diet of loosng weight and it works out so iz it bad to continue use fruits to loose weight....?
    Reply: #99
  49. Zepp
    Noe.. fruit is not bad per se.. its more about to make ones body a fat burning one!

    And one can always eat fruits like paprika, tomatoes, and such fruits with less carbs!

  50. I agree too on measuring, but I found out that portion control really helps too. You can eat almost anything if you portion is correctly. If something is high in calories, then you have to cut the food in half. This really helps me.
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